Shrooms are fungus that include psilocybin or psilocin, two mind-altering chemicals. These drugs induce hallucinations. Psilocybin is also available in capsule form as a powder. Wild and cultivated mushrooms containing psilocybin include psychedelic mushrooms both wild and cultivated. Psilocybin is one of the most well-known psychedelics, according to the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration.
Psilocybin is a Schedule I drug, which means it has a high risk of being abused and lacks currently accepted medical use.
Fresh or dried mushrooms may be consumed. Snorting or injecting powdered psilocybin is possible. Mushrooms can also be:
- steeped into tea
- added to cooked foods
- added to fruit juice (if powdered)
Mushrooms that resemble psilocybin mushrooms are not safe to consume. If you eat a poisonous mushroom, your liver may be damaged or even perish.
It is illegal to cultivate, sell, or transport mushrooms. You may be fined or sentenced if you are caught doing so.
Psilocybin users who have taken the drug in uncontrolled situations may be more likely to engage in risky behaviors, such as driving while intoxicated.
Some people may perceive the world differently after taking a hallucinogen. These effects are frequently visual and can persist for months to years after using the drug.
This condition is now known as hallucinogen persisting perception disorder (HPPD), also known as a flashback. A flashback is an unpleasant recollection of a traumatic episode. During hallucinogen use, a bad trip or a frightening vision would be the recollection of this distressing event.
Hallucinations are not the only negative effects that can occur. Some people experience nausea, vomiting, dizziness, extreme tiredness, behavioral changes, anxiety, paranoia, mania or depression requiring an emergency department visit.
In most situations, a physician will prescribe medications like benzodiazepines to treat these symptoms. The effects of the medication typically go away in 6 to 8 hours as the drug’s impact fades.
Finally, while the danger is minimal, some psilocybin users may be poisoned by accident by eating a poisonous mushroom. Muscle spasms, perplexity, and delirium are all symptoms of mushroom poisoning. If these symptoms arise, go to an emergency room right away.
Because hallucinogenic and other poisonous mushrooms are prevalent in all environments, a person should remove all mushrooms from locations where children congregate on a regular basis to avoid accidental consumption. The most common types of mushroom poisoning are gastrointestinal problems, with the most severe cases requiring medical attention.
How to Recognize Shrooms
Mushrooms that contain psilocybin have long, thin stems and whitish-gray to dark brown caps with a light center. Mushrooms are rusted brown with white patches.
Mushrooms, like most psychedelics, can be eaten, combined with foods, or brewed as a tea. They may also be combined with cannabis or tobacco and smoked. Liquid psilocybin is likewise accessible and is derived from the naturally occurring psychedelic drug present in liberty caps. It’s clear brown and comes in a tiny vial in liquid form.
What Do Magic Mushrooms Do?
Mushrooms containing psilocybin and/or psilocin are hallucinogenic. They can make you perceive, hear, and feel things that are genuine but not physical. The effects of magic mushrooms, on the other hand, are highly dependent on external circumstances.
Mushrooms have a long history of being connected to mystical experiences and self-discovery. Many people feel that naturally occurring chemicals such as magic mushrooms, marijuana, and mescaline are holy plants that allow individuals to reach higher spiritual states. Others use magic mushrooms to achieve a sense of euphoria, togetherness, and a distorted perception of time.
Psilocybin is the hallucinogenic chemical in shrooms. Psilocin is formed from psilocybin in the body and is supposed to alter serotonin levels in the brain, producing unusual and uncommon views. The effects can last up to six hours, which is about how long it takes for psilocin to be broken down and eliminated.
The effects of magic mushrooms are determined by a variety of factors, including dosage, age, weight, personality, emotional state, environment, and past mental illness.
What are the short-term effects of mushrooms?
Physical and psychological effects are possible side effects of magic mushrooms.
- Dilated pupils
- Increased heart rate, blood pressure, and temperature
- Lack of coordination
- Muscle weakness
- Distorted sense of time, place, and reality
- Hallucinations (visual or auditory)
- Having introspective (spiritual) experiences
- Panic reactions
Possible effects of psilocybin include:
- spiritual awakening
- quickly changing emotions
- derealization, or the feeling that your surroundings are not real
- depersonalization, or a dream-like sense of being disengaged from your surroundings
- distorted thinking
The effects of psilocybin depend on the user’s mental state and personality, as well as the immediate environment. A greater chance of having a bad experience is associated with recreational users who are experiencing difficulties with their mental health or are concerned about taking the hallucinogen.
The most common negative consequence of psilocybin use is psychological stress. This anxiety can range from severe to temporary psychosis. More study is needed on the long-term, permanent side effects of magic mushrooms, although it has been reported that people may experience long-term personality change and flashbacks years after ingesting them.
Poisoning is a possible hazard of ingesting psilocybin. Mushrooms that resemble poisonous mushrooms have the potential to harm people. Poisoning from mushrooms may result in severe sickness, organ damage, and even death.
It’s also typical for magic mushroom products to be misidentified. A study of 886 specimens claimed to be psilocybin mushrooms analyzed by Pharm Chem Street Drug Laboratory discovered that just 252 (28 percent) were genuine hallucinogenic, while 275 (31%) were store-bought mushrooms containing LSD or phencyclidine (PCP), and 328 (37%) had no drug at all, according to a research published in 2014.
Mushrooms start to work after about 30 minutes and last around 3 to 6 hours. The effects are most powerful (the peak) during the first 3 to 4 hours.
Mushrooms alter your perception in various ways, including changing how you see, smell, hear, taste, and feel (for example, music may appear). Your body might weigh a lot or little. You could believe you were experiencing a heavenly or religious sensation. You could experience the following while under the influence of mushrooms:have high blood pressure
- have a faster heart rate
- feel dizzy or light-headed
- shiver and have the chills
- feel anxious
- have an upset stomach (nausea) or vomit
- have a numb tongue and mouth
Mushrooms can sometimes induce overwhelming and frightening effects (a terrible trip). If someone is having a horrible experience, attempt to soothe them with quiet encouragement.
What are the long-term effects of mushrooms?
If you are pregnant, do not consume mushrooms. It’s unclear how mushrooms affect pregnant women and their developing children. Mushrooms may be combined with several medications that might harm your fetus. If you combine mushrooms with other medicines or alcohol, it is More … probable that you will develop another health issue.
Psilocybin is a hallucinogenic drug that binds to serotonin receptors in the brain, with the most common site of action being the prefrontal cortex. Mood, thinking, and perception are all influenced by this portion of the brain.
Hallucinogens have the ability to target other areas of the brain that deal with arousal and panic. Psilocybin does not always produce active visual or aural hallucinations. Instead, it warps how some individuals who take it perceive objects and people already present in their environment.The quantity of the drug, past experiences, and expectations of how the experience will take shape can all impact the effects of psilocybin.
After the gut absorbs and processes psilocybin, it converts it to psilocyn. Psilocybin’s hallucinogenic effects generally manifest within 30 minutes of ingestion and persist for 4-6 hours.
The effects of psilocybin can last anywhere from one to three weeks in some people. Mushrooms containing psilocybin are tiny and often brown or tan in color. People frequently mistake mushrooms containing psilocybin for various poisonous mushrooms in the wild.
Psilocybin is usually taken as a tea or combined with another food to make it more palatable. Dried mushrooms are crushed into a powder and encapsulated in capsules by producers. Some individuals who eat these mushrooms coat them in chocolate.
The potency of a mushroom depends on:
- the species
- growing conditions
- harvest perio
- whether a person eats them fresh or dried
The amount of active components in dried mushrooms is ten times greater than the equivalent component found in fresh mushrooms.
Extent of use
According to the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) in the United States, between 2009 and 2015, around 8.5 percent of individuals have used psilocybin at some time in their life. It is more frequently used at dance clubs or in specific groups of people looking for a spiritual epiphany.
Doctors have experimented with psilocybin in the treatment of cluster headaches, end-stage cancer anxiety, depression, and other anxiety problems in hospitals. However, researchers have questioned the drug’s efficacy and safety as a therapeutic therapy.
Street names for psilocybin
Drug dealers rarely sell psilocybin under its real name. Instead, the drug may be sold as:
- magic mushrooms
- simple Simon
- little smoke
- sacred mushrooms
- purple passion
- mushroom soup
Psilocybin as a treatment for depression
The use of psilocybin and other hallucinogens as a therapy for depression is an unsettled issue.
Two recent studies have studied psilocybin as a therapy. One study determined whether psilocybin reduces depression symptoms without dampening emotions, while the other looked at the relationship between any beneficial therapeutic outcomes and the type of psilocybin-induced hallucinations. Although some scientists are investigating some psilocybin-based therapeutics, they still consider it to be dangerous and illicit.