Growing Weed: Hydroponics vs Aeroponics

Despite the fact that these procedures are quite similar, there are significant distinctions that may lead you to one or another. There are a number of various ways to cultivate high-quality cannabis. As a grower, you may discover that one approach works better than another for your own personal set up, or based on the end result you’re aiming for.

Aeroponics and hydroponics are two popular ways to cultivate marijuana that are frequently used by both beginners and advanced growers. Today, we’ll go over both techniques before providing you the option of whether or not you want to grow your own cannabis using either method.

Despite their distinctions, hydroponics and soil are two excellent techniques to cultivate cannabis. Despite the fact that they have various requirements, you may get great results in both of them.

There are several methods to develop high-quality cannabis. After a period of time, you will discover the one that works best for you and allows you to accomplish what you want based on your budget, expertise, or availability.

For decades, aeroponic and hydroponic techniques for growing produce have been in use, but they’ve only lately been used to cultivate cannabis. These procedures entail growing without soil and immediately exposing the roots to the nutrient solution, allowing faster development and better quality buds.


Aeroponics is a type of hydroponic farming that involves suspending the roots in mid-air using a net or container. Rather than being buried in dirt, the roots are immersed in oxygen and CO2, with a nutrient solution being applied to the entire root every 3-5 minutes.

This is an indoor technique that protects the plants from external factors while also giving the grower complete control over the surroundings.


• Higher Yields

Unlike other cultivation techniques in which plants must “defend” for nutrients, aeroponics allows the nutrient solution to be delivered straight to the roots. This translates into greater yields and faster development.

• Better Nutrient Absorption

Because the medium is absent, the nutrients will be absorbed more readily. There will also be less or no water and nutrient waste since the minerals are sprayed on the roots.

• Easy Transplanting

When you move the plants, there is almost no danger of damaging their roots. Simply lift the container and move it to another reservoir. The plants will not even notice since there is no medium.


• High Maintenance

Aeroponics is a high-maintenance technology that is extremely sensitive. Everything has to function properly at the proper moment because the roots are exposed. If there’s a power outage for a few hours, they won’t be hydrated and will die. The air conditioning systems must be cleaned bi-weekly and monitored on a 24-hour basis.

• High Cost

The initial expenditures for an aeroponic system are greater than those of other methods of growing since it relies on a lot of equipment and uninterrupted power and water.

There are some things that you may fix yourself at home, while others will need to be purchased. Don’t skimp on them; they’ll be responsible for your plant’s development.


Hydroponics is a type of plant cultivation that does not require soil. It may be applied with a variety of media (such as coco fiber, clay pebbles, or rock wool). We eliminate the need for pests to live in soil by eliminating it from the equation. In this method, the roots are immersed in a nutrient bath. Because all of the water is changed every 10 minutes or so, they may feed themselves whenever and however much they desire.


• Water efficiency

Drain-to-waste systems are used by almost all gardeners who cultivate in soil or other media. This implies any runoff water is wasted. Recycling nutrient water is possible in hydroponics to prevent this in drain-to-waste systems. Because there is no barrier between the water and the air, it leaves extremely clean and may be reused several times because there is no medium through which it passes.

• More Control Over The Nutrients

We provide a solution in hydroponics that allows plants to feed themselves when they require it. As a result, we have more control over our plants’ growth rates and rates of development.

• Relatively Affordable

Although this is a relatively new technique for producing cannabis, it is less expensive than aeroponics. When compared to growing in soil, the initial expenditure may appear steep, but in an individual hydroponic system, you may produce a large number of plants that can even yield more and higher-quality buds. The additional money invested (as opposed to soil) will be repaid in terms of improved quality buds and greater yields.


• Diseases Spread Easier

Because all of the plants are in the same reservoir, if one gets sick, it will quickly spread to the others. When you’re not very experienced with hydroponics gardening, this is probably one of the most unpleasant aspects.

• Low Oxygenation

In hydroponic systems, you will need to oxygenate the solution that feeds your plants. This means spending an extra couple of bucks in air stones and you will need to check on them every day. If one of them fails, be sure to have a replacement ready. If your plants are submerged in a solution without oxygen, they will drown and die.

Why Use Aeroponics?

Why might someone choose aeroponics over hydroponics? This is all quite dependent on the sort of weed you want to cultivate. Aeroponics, for one thing, generally provides a higher yield than hydroponics.

Although plants cultivated in a hydroponics system are submerged in oxygenated water, they will never be able to compare to the oxygen that the roots of aeroponic plants get.

Oxidation in aeroponic farming is not uncommon. It promotes stronger development in aeroponics, which can be beneficial. Aeroponic plants are also more likely to be healthy or at least less prone to disease, owing to the controlled environment in which they develop. This is due to the fact that they are cultivated under highly regulated conditions that are unaffected by outside influences.

This is also due to the fact that hydroponic plants are exposed to a lot of water, which can cause germination of bacteria. If you want dependable plant development and health, aeroponics may be your best bet.

Some people may find that aeroponics is more environmentally friendly than hydroponics. While both techniques are less ecologically damaging than traditional cultivation, aeroponics has a slight edge in terms of environmental impact since it uses less water.

Why Use Hydroponics?

While aeroponics appears to outpace hydroponics in two significant categories (plant growth and health) there are several arguments for selecting hydroponics as well. Namely, cost, and stability. Both alternatives have an initial expense that is greater than that of traditional planting. However, because aeroponics necessitates the use of numerous pieces of equipment in order to be successful, the upfront investment is significantly higher.

The final cost will be determined by what you want to achieve. Whatever option you pick, the price or the equipment involved will ultimately be decided by your goals. Professional-grade installations can cost anywhere from $5,000 to $10,000 or less if you buy individual hydroponic units like Grobo for $1999.

Hydroponic farming, on the other hand, is generally self-sustaining enough to be left alone after the initial investment has been paid. Aeroponic production, on the other side, is entirely reliant upon the well-being of the equipment that enables it. The plants will die within hours if one of the machines breaks down.

Given the margin of error, growers have two choices. They may either accept that there is a built-in element of risk in their growing operations, or they may invest a lot in backup equipment, which raises expenses even further. It’s also worth noting that while aeroponics does usually result in bigger, healthier plants, both methods generally yield satisfactory results.

Choosing Between Aeroponics and Hydroponics

Finally, you must balance the advantages and disadvantages of each system to determine which is best for you. Ultimately, it will be determined by your goals whether aeroponics or hydroponics is superior. If plant quality is your main concern, however, aeroponics may win the ware even if they lose some fights.

It is a great choice for professional cannabis growers because of its high plant production and low disease risk. Hydroponic methods, on the other hand, can provide good outcomes if you have a limited budget. You will simply need to choose the set up that works best for you in the end.

What is Hashish?

Hash is a cannabis product produced from the plant’s trichomes. Trichomes are tiny growths on plants containing sticky resin on them. They appear to be translucent hairs with a knob on the end. Hash comes from the term hashish and means marijuana in bed lingo. It refers to marijuana that has been compressed and processed, as well as any other buds used in other types of cannabis.” Simply said, it is the filtered resin from the marijuana plant.

Hashish is a solid block of cannabis trichomes (resin glands) that have been concentrated and compressed. Hash also includes terpenes, as well as tiny amounts of plant material, which contribute to the hash taste. Many people smoke it in a pipe or bong. Others make a thin ‘sausage’ of hash and put it in a joint to enhance its potency. Some individuals break off little pieces of hash and vaporize them using a vaporiser; others prefer to cook with it. Hash is an extremely potent cannabis concentrate that goes far!

Hash, or hashish, has been used for thousands of years since the first people noticed the sticky by-product from the cannabis plant. Hash can be smoked, utilized in cooking/edibles, and is typically high in THC with higher levels of CBD than normal marijuana. The amount of THC, CBD, and other cannabinoids will vary based on the cannabis strains, growing conditions, and hash manufacturing processes. Here’s a link to learn more about hash types. For some people, the rich fragrant scent and taste make hash a distinctive pleasure. It’s simple to store, transport, and consume.

In the 1980s, hash from some of the major production areas (Nepal, India, Pakistan, and Afghanistan) would be exported with a distinct seal imprinted on the block of hash and frequently wrapped in red or gold packaging before export. It is simple to grow your own homegrown marijuana, so you may make your own hash at home if you choose. Traditional hash imports from countries like Afghanistan, Nepal, and Morocco are still available today.

What are the health effects of hashish use?

The acute effects of hashish abuse include memory and learning difficulties, altered sight (sight, sound, time, touch), difficulty in thinking and problem solving, balance loss, and increased heart rate and anxiety. The effects may be more potent owing to the high THC concentration in hashish and other concentrates.

THC is very well distributed throughout fatty tissues in the body’s various organs. THC may generally be detected by standard urine testing methods several days after smoking due to traces of THC remaining in fatty tissues. Traces of cannabis or its concentrates can sometimes be found for weeks after stopping usage in heavy chronic users.

THC in hashish is many times more powerful than the amount of THC found in ordinary marijuana. The quantity of THC in marijuana has increased dramatically over the previous two decades. According to DEA testings, the proportion of THC in marijuana has gone from around 4% to roughly 15.5% between 1998 and 2018.

The long-term effects of hashish or marijuana concentrate consumption are unknown; however, marijuana plant usage has been investigated over time.

  • Paranoid reactions, anxiety, panic attacks, and hallucinations are all examples of psychological effects.
  • Changes in heart rate and blood pressure are possible.
  • THC users are prone to the same respiratory issues as cigarette smokers. These individuals might experience chronic bronchitis and chronic cough and phlegm, as well as increased chest colds. They’re more likely to get lung infections like pneumonia because of their breathing problems. Marijuana smoke may contain carcinogenic compounds in the same quantities as cigarette smoke (toxins and tar).

How to Make Hash: 5 Easy Ways

There are a variety of ways to make hash at home, but the most effective for your abilities and available equipment is chosen first. These procedures are simple to start with.

Ice and Water

Ice hash, also known as the “bubble” approach, is a method that mixes ice and water. Ice hash may be made from trimmings with ease. You’ll need a bucket of ice water, which you should continuously stir while adding the marijuana to make ice hash. This can be done using trimmings or buds; however, buds will create higher-quality hash.

When you blend the marijuana and ice water, the resin glands break off into the weed. Pour everything straight through a bubble bag, which is a fine mesh strainer bag. The resin glands will be caught in the bag. Bubble hash tips are produced by this method.

The dry ice method

  • Combine the plant material with around 40% dry ice. Dry ice is 5°F colder than ordinary ice, with a temperature of -109°F. The super-cold temperatures along with the shaking caused by the bag will shatter the trichomes from their stems and fall into the collection vessel beneath.
  • The longer we shake, the more plant material will break up and flow through the screen, polluting your kief. This is why old-fashioned hash-making techniques are as much an art as they are a science.
  • It takes time to get acquainted with various strings in order to know when to stop. You want to increase yield without sacrificing quality.
  • When satisfied with the shake, it’s time to collect.

You can see the difference in quality between these two techniques: The dry sift has a beautiful golden color, whereas the dry ice is green because it has been touched by some plant matter.

Turning kief into hash

  • Fill the hash press with kief (the traditional way is to wrap the kief in plastic and then in layers of wet newspaper, heating and rolling it for hours).
  • Jack it up like you’re changing a tire, and in just a few minutes, you’re done.
  • The trichomes have melted together, as can be seen by the dark and glossy surface.

We see the gooey Play-Doh consistency and the lovely golden brown color we’re searching for once we smash it open.

Dry Sifting

The dry sifting process begins by freezing and fully curing your marijuana. Make sure it’s as cold as possible; the more frozen, the easier those resin glands (trichomes) will break away. Place the cannabis on a screen and spread it out. Break up the cannabis until it is finely crushed.

Put the weed in a silkscreen and shake it around to distribute it. You should either place the screen in a box or surround it with a raised frame to prevent losing those precious fragments. The hash will pass through the screen, which you may then gather.

The dry sift screen method

  • Start with properly frozen material. It’s critical to keep your temperature as low as possible because trichomes on frozen buds will break off from the plant more readily.
  • Once you’ve covered the screen with material, start breaking it down and distributing it around. Wax on, wax off—that’s how you do it.
  • A screen sifter is a delicate procedure. You’re not looking for quantity; you’re seeking for quality, and you anticipate a minimal return. It should be quite high-quality as long as you exercise caution.

Using a Tumbler  

Instead of sieving dry trimmings or buds, consider using a tumbler to shake them. A tumbler is an electrical gadget that spins your trimmings and filters them through a fine screen. You will get a finely filtered hash collection without having to do the dry sifting technique by hand.

However, if you are only creating little amounts of hash, it may not be worth the expense of a tumbler; it is simpler to do and clean up after using the conventional screen method. Tumblers are most effective for trimmings in big quantities.

Blender Method

If you have a blender and any trimmings or buds, try chopping things in the blender. Fill the blender halfway with plant matter first. Then fill it with ice and water. Blend for 45 seconds at full power, then let it rest for a few minutes. Repeat this process a handful of times more to improve hash yield.

Using a sieve, pour the mixture into a large bowl. This will remove the majority of plant debris, but not all of it. Then, get a coffee filter and fill the jar with the remaining contents, about 65% full. Pour in more water through the filter to fill the jar; allow the solid particles on the bottom to collect for an hour. Remove it after an hour and carefully pour off 65 percent of the top to retain matter at bottom while removing extra water.

Fill a second jar halfway with the remaining mixture through a funnel and a coffee filter, little by little. The goal is to get as much of the hash from the coffee filters as possible. If you dry it on the filter before removing it with a spoon or credit card, it may be easier.

Hand Rolling

Rolling blunts is simple but effective. First, wash and dry your hands thoroughly. As you harvest the plants, roll them between your palms. After a while, the hash gets caught on your hands. You may now scrape it off with a spoon into a container. Squish the material into a tiny ball (or a huge one if you have a lot of buds to gather).

Top Tips for Making Hash

When making hash at home, there are a few things to keep in mind. First and foremost, be sure to freeze the plant material completely. Plant material that is merely cold but not frozen will not work when creating hash.

Second, while your plants are still growing or blooming, you may collect more plant material by utilizing a sifting screen. To collect any trichomes that fall from the plants, set up a sifting screen below them. The resin is collected by rubbing plant matter on the screen.

Third, if you grow cannabis often, consider allowing plant matter to accumulate over time. This is especially true if you’ve been pruning your plants as they develop. Collect the plant material and store it somewhere, but don’t turn it into hash just yet. Wait until the end of the growth season (or year, depending on how much you intend to produce) before turning everything into hash in one go. This will create the most hash while being the most efficient method possible.

Finally, to produce the highest quality hash possible, rerun it through a screen at 90 microns and then again at 73 microns. This should be done separately. The plant materials will be separated from the hash by this process, resulting in a more pure product.

How to Smoke Kief

Kief is composed of trichomes from cannabis flowers that may be collected and used in a variety of ways. The cannabinoids and terpenes created by the cannabis plant are found in trichomes. Because kief is almost entirely made up of pure trichomes, it’s a very concentrated and potent marijuana product.

Kief is generally gathered in one of two ways. The less frequent technique is to use a series of filters and screens to separate out the kief from the rest of the plant material. The cannabis grinder with a kief collector is the more common method.

Collecting kief with screens and filters

Kief is extracted from cannabis leaves with a series of filters and screens, which requires considerably more plant material than collecting it in your grinder. It’s generally utilized to create homemade concentrates, particularly bubble hash. A set of bubble bags and ice will help you the most with this approach.

To make a bubble bag, start by layering your bubble bags one inside the other, with the largest-gauge filter being the innermost bag and the smallest-gauge filter being the outermost. Fill your bags with cannabis plant material and ice and agitation will help to freeze the trichomes.

All of the trichomes should fall to the bottom when you strain the bag of cannabis and ice. Remove the filter bag (the one with the largest holes in it). Plant material will cover the lower part, as well as the finest particles. Any remaining plant materials should be thrown away, any significant particles from the bottom of the bag scraped off, and kept in a designated area.

Start by adding a cup of water to the bottom of each bag. Allow it to soak for 10 minutes, then drain and refill with kief-filled water (1 quart water per 1 pound fresh). Now repeat this procedure with each bag. As you go, you’ll gather increasingly fine particles of plant material and kief until you reach the final bag, which will contain the finest filter. You’ll be collecting the purest, most potent kief when you let it dry.

Collecting kief with your grinder

A multi-chamber weed grinder with a filter screen is the most frequent way to collect kief. This procedure is quite easy. As you grind your marijuana, bits of plant material fall from the grinding chamber into a collection chamber on the floor. The wire mesh screen in this collection chamber allows finer kief particles to slip through and end up in a separate kief collector. After mashing enough marijuana, you’ll be able to scrape out and smoke all of the kief that accumulates in the grinder.

Why people like kief

Kief is popular because it’s potent and readily available. Kief, in its most basic form, is a simple method for making concentrates at home by collecting trichomes that have fallen off of the marijuana you’re already smoking. Kief is also quite flexible. If you save enough of it, you may either smoke or press it into a concentrate like hash. You can also simply add kief to a bowl, joint, or any other type of cannabis use to give your session a significant boost of THC.

Why people don’t like kief

Many users do not utilize kief frequently because it might take a long time for enough to accumulate in their grinder to make full use of it. Furthermore, now that cannabis concentrates are more accessible and of excellent quality, many concentrate enthusiasts prefer purchasing concentrates from a dispensary rather than gathering kief themselves. They also get a superior product this way.

Step-by-step directions

Most people who smoke kief do so using a grinder, rather than gathering a lot of plant material and passing it through bubble bags. For the grinder approach, you’ll need the following equipment:

  • Cannabis flower.
  • Multi-chamber grinder with kief collector.
  • Whatever you prefer for smoking weed (spoon pipe, bong, joint, spliff, blunt, etc.).

Step 1: Grind your weed

After you’ve acquired a multi-chamber weed grinder with a built-in kief collector, it’s time to start gathering your stash of kief. As usual, grate your cannabis and then check the kief collector after the grinding is finished. It’s now time to harvest and smoke the crop since you have enough for usage

Step 2: Collect kief from your grinder

Put your grinder in the freezer for a few hours before doing anything else. This will make the remaining kief brittle and easy to scrape away from the grinder.

Remove the freezer and unscrew the lid from the kief collector. Gather the kief with a tiny scraping tool—most grinders come with one—into a little pile. Now, carefully avoiding spillage, tip the grinder over and pour the kief into a tiny, clean storage container.

Now that you’ve collected the bulk of your kief, it’s time to go after the remaining stuff that’s a little tougher to remove from the grinder. Try using a paintbrush, toothbrush, or a tiny pipe cleaner to scrape or brush all surfaces of the grinder, including the bottom and edges of the kief collector, the filter screen, the main chamber of the grinder, and all grinding teeth. Add any kief you gather in this step to your storage container.

Step 3: Add kief to your regular smoking preference

The procedure for smoking kief is simple. Simply add it to whatever you use to smoke marijuana. The following are some of the most popular methods for smoking kief:

  • If you smoke a spoon pipe or bong, add kief to the flower inside the bowl. You can do this in layers—flower, kief, flower, kief—or you can simply pack the bowl with flower and sprinkle a layer of kief over the top of it.
  • If you like to smoke joints, spliffs, or blunts, add a layer of kief to your flower before rolling it up. This will make your smoke much more powerful and effective.

One more option: DIY moon rocks

You can produce your own moon rocks if you’re ambitious and searching for a cannabis experience. To do so, you’ll need a nug of your favorite strain, hash oil or another concentrate that’s been warmed to the degree of being malleable and sticky, as well as kief.

Cover the nug in a layer of kief and finish it off with a coat of concentrate. Make sure you apply the kief while the concentrate is still wet to ensure that it adheres. When your moonrock has cooled and hardened, break it into smaller pieces, being careful not to remove the outer layer of kief, and smoke it just as you would any other herb. Moonrocks are well-known for their strength; therefore, prepare yourself for a powerful high.

What is Linalool?

What is Linalool?

Linalool is an essential oil that is found in cannabis and other flowers, as well as spices. The fragrance is heady with a tinge of spice. Linalool has been used in a variety of commercial applications due to its natural origins and pleasant scent. It’s commonly used in soaps, shampoos, and hand creams because of its natural smell. Linalool is a highly utilized terpene that has also been utilized for fleas, fruit flies, and cockroaches as an insecticide.

What are the medical benefits of linalool?

Today, as scientific research on terpenes advances, it is more apparent than ever that these compounds possess enormous potential as therapeutic agents. Several studies have already shown the advantages of linalool:

  • Antimicrobial: Linalool’s antibacterial property is advantageous not only to plants, but it may also be useful for people.
  • Antidepressant and anti-anxiety: Mice exposed to linalool vapors in a study showed reduced levels of stress and anxiety, as well as greater calmness and the ability to find a solution when faced with threatening, frightening situations.
  • Makes the immune system more resilient to stress: The immune system cells are influenced by stress. When subjected to lengthy periods of stress, lymphocytes – or white cells – decrease while neutrophils increase, making us more vulnerable to sickness. Following linalool exposure in rats, the changes were reduced as the terpene apparently activates the organism’s parasympathetic response, assisting to avoid physical symptoms of tension and worry.
  • Anticonvulsant: According to a study, linalool blocks glutamate receptors that are linked with the immune system’s main excitatory neurotransmitter, which is produced by neurons and glial cells. This might be why linalool works in some epileptic episodes.
  • Anti-inflammatory: Linalool has been shown in studies to have an anti-inflammatory effect on the body. This might aid in the treatment of persistent inflammation, which is considered a common cause of serious illnesses including cancer and multiple sclerosis.
  • Analgesic: Linalool has been found to help relieve pain in certain cases, providing a natural alternative to traditional medicine.

Linalool aroma

Lavender is frequently compared to linalool by people. The scent isn’t exactly lavender, but there is a hint of spice in it. It’s tough to pinpoint the distinct aroma of linalool in cannabis because cannabis has such a complex and rich fragrance. Terpenes form the powerful and robust scent of cannabis, so identifying individual terpene scents might be difficult. When several terpene scents are added on top of each other, the scent change in an intricate way. For cannabis users, the blending odors of many terpenes provide the distinctive and pleasurable fragrance of cannabis.

 Linalool safety

In small quantities, linalool is harmless for humans. In 1988, according to the US National Toxicology Program, approximately 3.6 million kilograms of Linalool were used throughout the world in fragrances and natural flavoring for food. Linalool is efficiently broken down by the body into innocuous metabolites. THC, CBD, and other cannabinoids can remain in the system for several weeks. Terpenes do not accumulate in the human body and are quickly eliminated.

Properties of linalool

The presence of linalool in many plants suggests that it has a lot of real-world applications. Linalool isn’t confined to cannabis. The pesticidal properties of linalool could be why so many plants produce it. It’s plausible that a little quantity of linalool production helps the plant defend itself against insects and long enough to reproduce seeds for the following generation. LINALOOL also has antibacterial properties. Crop health was significantly enhanced as a result of linalool exposure.

 Effects of linalool

In humans, linalool has a calming effect. Linalool-producing plants from the mint family were tested for their impact on Amazonian herbal medicine. LinalOOL was found to have anticonvulsant properties and acted as a hypnotic, anticonvulsant, and hypothermic agent on the central nervous system. In this experiment , linalool was shown to have anti-convulsive effects when given via vaporized doses of linalool to mice. Mice were found to be comatose when placed in a linalool vapor chamber for one hour. It’s probable that linalool has a sedative effect on humans when consumed in cannabis. The entourage effect, which is the synergy between terpenes and cannabinoids, may modulate the type of high produced by cannabis plants. Perhaps linalool-rich Cannabis seed strains are the most sedating for certain cannabis consumers.

 Linalool and anxiety

Linalool is a potent natural anti-anxiety agent. Linalool has been used in aromatherapy as a way to alleviate anxiety. There is scientific evidence to support the claims for anti-anxiety effects. Another study investigated linalool’s impact on aggressive behavior, anxiety (anti-anxiolytic effects) and social interaction in mice. Linalool administration reduced aggressiveness and anxiety in mice, resulting in improved social bonding. The conclusion of the study reads, “These findings lend further support to the hypothesis that inhaling linalool-rich essential oils can be beneficial as a technique to relax and relieve anxiety.” A linalool rich strain may well induce a high with significant anti-anxiety and stress-relieving effects for cannabis users.

Linalool has been shown to have anti-stress qualities in rats. The soothing, fast-acting stress reliever effect of cannabis is one of the most recognized features of marijuana. Perhaps cannabinoids and terpenes working together play a role in this result. The body and muscles can relax when the mind feels less stress and worry. When people grow their own cannabis from feminized seeds or autoflower seeds, they generally search for high-quality strains that provide comfort and pleasure. Any cannabis connoisseur will tell you that once stress and anxiety are relieved, authentic rest and relaxation can begin…

Linalool and Alzheimers disease

According to several studies, linalool has the ability to reduce symptoms in Alzheimer’s disease. Once again, mice were used in this study. All of the Alzheimers-equivalent mice were treated with linalool every two days. Mice that received linalool had improved cognitive and emotional function, according to the research. That does not imply that linalool is an effective Alzheimer’s treatment; rather, it suggests that it might be a worth investigating option for future research.

How does linalool affect the brain?

According to studies, the behavioral effects of linalool are largely influenced by its actions in the brain. One method is by blocking glutamate receptors, which might account for linalool’s anti-epileptic qualities in some epilepsies. This terpene has the potential to improve the effectiveness of other relaxants, such as pentobarbital.

Linalool has additional mechanisms of action that may help reduce anxiety. For instance, it inhibits the signaling strength of acetylcholine, a brain chemical involved in muscle contraction and movement. Linalool can have anesthetic-like qualities by reducing the excitability of cells in the spinal cord that send pain messages to the brain.

Linalool elevates adenosine levels, an inhibitory neurotransmitter that is inhibited by caffeine and which plays a key role in the pain relief provided by linalool. This wide range of central nervous system targets contributes to its sedative, anxiety-reducing, and pain-relieving effects.

Linalool’s advantages in pain treatment are supported by its neuroprotective effects. In one research, obese persons who had gastric banding surgery were either exposed to lavender oil-rich linalool vapor or a plain control. Only 46% of those who breathed lavender oil required post-surgical opioid medication, compared to 82% of the control group. Furthermore, the morphine requirements of those in the lavender group were 47 percent lower than those in the control group, suggesting that linalool might assist with reduced post-surgery opioid pain therapy dependency.

 Linalool and cannabis

Cannabis terpenes are still somewhat misunderstood. Although linalool may impact the type of high produced by the user, more research is needed to figure out how this works. Over the next decade, as scientific knowledge advances, scientists will learn more about the role of linalool and other terpenes.

What is Myrcene?

What is Myrcene?

The unique scent of cannabis isn’t coming from your favorite cannabinoids. Instead, it’s the terpenes that give cannabis its distinct odor and taste. They may also impact the intensity of the experience and convey some of its therapeutic potential.

The most frequent terpene in cannabis is myrcene, which may also be found in hops. Myrcene is present in hops and contributes to the pungent, spicy flavor of beer. It’s also present in lemongrass, which has been used in traditional herbal medicine for thousands of years.

What is myrcene?

Myrcene is the most common terpene in cannabis. Myrcene has an earthy aroma and flavor profile that some people identify with balsam. Some people feel it has a clove or musky scent, while others detect a similarity to cloves or musk. Myrcene, like other terpenes, is thought to be involved in the entourage effect, which implies it might help with a range of physical and mental disorders when used together with cannabinoids.

What is myrcene used for?

Myrcene is a chemical component in one of the most widely cultivated essential oils on Earth. It’s also used as an intermediate in the food and cosmetics industries. Lemongrass tea is purported to help with sleeplessness by naturally relaxing the mind, which makes it popular alternative medicine. Because lemongrass contains myrcene, you may have noticed it in a soothing tea or as an aromatic ingredient in Asian cuisine. Myrcene can be found in parsley, mangoes, and lemon-thyme chicken. Experience a double dose of the terpene by sinking your teeth into a juicy mango while drinking a bottle of beer.

What does myrcene taste like?

Myrcene is a monoterpene found in cannabis plants. Strains with high myrcene levels are sometimes described as spicy, earthy, and musky. Myrcene has been compared to ripe mango and other fruity notes with sweet undertones.

Therapeutic properties of myrcene

There are a wealth of myrcene’s therapeutic applications. Myrcene, like other terpenes, such as bisabolol, is thought to have an anti-inflammatory effect in addition to possible anti-tumor, sedative, and other health benefits.


Myrcene has been shown in laboratory investigations to reduce pain and inflammation. A 2015 study published in the European Journal of Pharmacology used human cartilage cells to look at myrcene’s potential anti-inflammatory effects. The researchers discovered that myrcene reduced cell injury and disease progression while also having an anti-inflammatory effect. They also stated that this finding necessitates further study.


The anti-inflammatory and antifungal effects of this essential oil are too numerous to mention. Its possible anti-tumor activities should be included in any list of myrcene effects. The myrcene terpene’s anti-inflammatory properties may contribute to the death of cancerous tumors, in part due to its anti-inflammatory activity. According to a 2015 study published in the Journal of the Korean Society for Applied Biological Chemistry, myrcene has the potential to boost human breast cancer cells’ anti-metastatic activity. Because the research was conducted on cells rather than people, further study is needed to see whether myrcene has an impact on cancer patients’ tumors.


In today’s world, cannabis strains high in myrcene have been associated with “couch lock,” or drowsiness. Although there is no scientific evidence to back up these statements, a 2002 study published in the journal Phytomedicine showed that myrcene has a sedative effect at extremely high dosages in mice. When compared to a control group, myrcene increased barbiturate sleeping time, suggesting the terpene’s potential as a sedative. The study found that myrcene, in high doses, can calm and reduce mobility in animals. Additional research is needed on the terpene’s possible connections with humans and whether it can produce couch lock.


According to a 2017 research published in the American Journal of Chinese Medicine, the myrcene terpene may help prevent UV light-induced skin aging. Myrcene, when used as an antioxidant, has the potential to be an effective anti-aging and sunscreen lotion additive because it functions partially as one.

How common is myrcene in cannabis?

The most prevalent terpene in today’s commercial cannabis is myrcene. When we examine hundreds of samples of cannabis flower analyzed by Leafly lab partners, this becomes apparent. On average, myrcene accounts for roughly 20% of the terpene profile in contemporary commercial strains, although individual samples vary considerably.

The most common cannabis terpene is myrcene, which accounts for around 55 percent of the overall profile. Myrcene is also the most prevalent cannabis terpene in flower. A strain’s “dominant” terpene is just the terpene at the highest concentration level. Although many more cannabis terpenes exist in a strain’s overall profile, only a limited number of them appear as dominant in modern commercial cannabis.

A random flower product from a legal state is likely to be myrcene-dominant about 40% of the time. Modern commercial cannabis lacks chemical diversity, as shown by this data. Breeders have plenty of leeway to innovate and diversify strains’ chemical profiles. They may even develop unique strains with terpene profiles that are completely new to the market.

High-myrcene cannabis strains

What strains are often connected with the greatest amounts of myrcene? These prolific strains tend to create a lot of myrcene.

  • OG Kush
  • Blue Dream
  • Remedy
  • 9 Pound Hammer
  • Grape Ape
  • FPOG
  • Granddaddy Purple
  • Tangie
  • Harlequin

Strains known for their indica, sativa, or mixed heritage can have a lot of myrcene, such as popular sativa-dominant hybrids like Tangie and Blue Dream. You’ll also notice that myrcene is prevalent in both THC and CBD strains.

Myrcene levels in indica and sativa strains

Although myrcene levels are one of the most common markers for determining a strain’s “indica” or “sativa” effects, it is not always reliable. We would expect to see a clear difference in myrcene levels between strains labeled as indica, hybrid, and sativa if this statement were true and correct. Indicas should have significantly more than 0.5% myrcene by weight, whereas sativas should have significantly less than 0.5%. Hybrids should be in the middle with approximately equal amounts of each type

When looking at myrcene levels in strains names based on their popular indica, hybrid, and sativa designations using lab data, we typically don’t observe this:

Flower products have comparable myrcene levels across indicas, hybrids, and sativas on average. There is also no evidence from the data to support a general guideline such as “more than 0.5 percent myrcene equals indica.”

The myth that myrcene is sedative and can cause the “couch lock” phenomenon, which many users experience after smoking cannabis, appears to be based on this idea. But do we have any proof? What evidence do you have that myrcene has sedating effects in humans?

Does myrcene make you sleepy?

In folk medicine, myrcene-rich herbal medicines have long been used to help people sleep. Myrcene-rich lemongrass infused tea has been utilized as a sedative and muscular relaxant in Mexico. It’s quite popular among German hop farmers, who are the world’s second largest (after the United States). However, it’s unknown whether any controlled research has proved that myrcene is responsible for causing sleepiness in humans; we aren’t aware of any well-controlled human clinical trials that clearly show a sleeping impact of myrcenne.

At high dosages, myrcene has been observed to have muscular relaxing properties in a few rodent tests. The same study also discovered that myrcene increased the length of sleep in mice who were given narcotics with strong sedative effects, but not when used alone. However, animal studies are usually unreliable predictors of whether myrcene can make people drowsy; more research is needed before we may say for sure whether it possesses this capability at the doses seen commonly in commercial cannabis products.

Can myrcene relieve pain and reduce inflammation?

Lemongrass tea has been used in Brazilian folklore for centuries as a restorative that is supposed to have anti-anxiety and pain-relieving properties. In 1990, scientists in Brazil published the first reported claim that myrcene reduced pain by boosting one’s own opioid chemicals in the brain and spinal cord. This was disputed by other researchers, who said that myrcene increased different brain and spinal cord opioid chemicals. Additional study is required to see if myrcene provides pain relief in people.

More study is also needed to validate myrcene’s anti-inflammatory properties. The majority of the evidence for myrcene’s anti-inflammatory capabilities comes from lab studies in animals.

Other potential benefits of myrcene

Myrcene can block the carcinogenic effects of aflatoxins produced by fungus and subsequently ingested. These anti-mutagen properties are due to myrcene’s inhibition of CYP2B1, an enzyme in the liver that promotes aflatoxin’s ability to damage DNA. Myrcene also protects us from chemical toxins such as t-butyl-hydroperoxide by preventing DNA damage. In addition to their antioxidant and antimicrobial benefits, these terpenes have anti-mutagen effects that are similar to those of other terpenes.

What’s next for myrcene research?

One of the most intriguing areas of cannabis research is on other cannabinoids. Whether or not we’re getting enough myrcene doses to achieve these effects is one of the most important questions regarding myrcene. Mouse studies have injected mice with 2mg/kg and 1g/kg (consider that an average adult male weighs approximately 80 kg) , and it’s unclear how much is required to produce a therapeutic effect in humans or whether those amounts are present in cannabis strains.

The therapeutic properties of terpenes in cannabis are just now starting to be fully recognized. Because researchers have spent the most of their time on the cannabinoids, generally in isolation, research has lagged. That appears to be changing, however. The National Institutes of Health (NIH), which is the United States’ largest science funding agency, recently issued a call for proposals looking at terpenes and “minor cannabinoids” found in cannabis as pain relievers. Now that scientists can only access strains from certain dispensaries!

What Are Terpenes?

What Are Terpenes?

Marijuana’s effects can range from creating a sense of calm to increasing attention and energy. Terpenes are chemical substances that give cannabis its different herbal, spice, fruit, or floral scents and tastes. Scientists and marijuana smokers alike have been researching the potential advantages of cannabis terpenes in recent years, as well as the pathways by which they operate.

What Is a Terpene?

Cannabis terpenes are aromatic oils produced by the resin glands of the plant. These are the same glands that create cannabinoids, one of the active components in marijuana.

Natural Terpenes

Terpenes are chemicals that give cannabis its unique fragrance. There may be anywhere from 80 to over a hundred terpenes in the cannabis plant, but they aren’t limited to it. Various herbs, fruits, and vegetation produce them as well. Terpenes are also utilized by various animals including swallowtail caterpillars, which store terpenes from host plants and use them as an repellent against predators.

When several people talk about terpenoids and terpene, they might be referring to the same things. While the two are technically equivalent, terpenoids can only be found in oxidized plant material like cannabis that has been dried and cured.

Synthetic Terpenes

Synthetic varieties of terpenes, which are produced in a lab, can be used as food additives or to add flavor and aroma to a variety of goods. Terpenes are also responsible for the aromatherapy properties of essential oils, some of which include all-natural terpenes while others include manufactured chemicals.

What Do Terpenes Do?

The chemicals in cannabis plants, known as terpenes, give them their distinctive flavor or smell. They’re behind the unique soothing scent of lavender, as well as the citrusy, flowery, or woody tastes and scents of certain cannabis strains.

Aside from acting on the nose and tongue, terpenes have an impact on a variety of other parts of the body. While it’s long been assumed that THC is responsible for marijuana’s effects, terpenes play an important part as well. Terpenes can bind with the same receptors as cannabinoids to produce diverse effects. Because of this, understanding terpenes is especially important since it means that consumers may better personalize their high or cannabis health advantages by knowing what terpenes they’re taking.

Given that marijuana terpenes vary from one strain to the next, this (in tandem with cannabinoids) is why one strain may be highly energizing while another can produce profound sleepiness and relaxation. Researchers think that the combination of cannabinoids and terpenes may be behind marijuana’s entourage effect, which is a phenomenon in which its components operate differently when taken together rather than separately. For people seeking hemp-derived cannabinoids like CBD, hemp terpenes are an option.

Ingesting Terpenes

Cannabis science has advanced dramatically in recent years, and for those interested in using terpenes, there are a variety of methods to do so.


The most popular technique to consume terpenes is by smoking the plant material, which is also the most common way to smoke marijuana. While cannabis smokers still appreciate each strain’s unique terpene scent and taste, it’s worth noting that the quickest method to lose a terpene is to heat it beyond its boiling point. Cannabis must be heated at extremely high temperatures in order for it to combust, so using a vaporizer is the best approach to enjoy marijuana terpenes.


Because vaporizing cannabis flower allows for more precise heat regulation, many marijuana experts prefer it to smoking. Because they can target and release specific terpenes or cannabinoids at a lower temperature and then gradually raise the temperature to cover the whole spectrum, they may do so with their vaporizer. Another technique to enjoy the fragrance and flavor of marijuana terpenes is through vaping cannabis oil.


A third option for consuming terpenes is through dabbing butane hash oil, also known as BHO. This type of cannabis concentrate consists of cannabinoids and terpenes that have been extracted from the plant material. Some concentrate producers take it a step further by creating concentrates that isolate a single cannabinoid. THC and CBD Isolates are noteworthy since they are some of the most powerful and pure concentrates available. Distillers can add terpenes back into these extracts, giving them the distinctive aromas and tastes of Sour Diesel, Tangie, or any other strain. This not only helps to enhance the enjoyability of the isolate, but it also aids in the appreciation of the cannabinoid’s therapeutic effects because of the entourage effect.

Oral Consumption

Terpenes may also be absorbed through the mouth. Many producers produce terpene concentrates that can be consumed as drops. Terpenes may be taken orally, but many people prefer to use them to make a terpene infusion for flower, hash, or concentrates before smoking or vaporizing them. A little goes a long way when it comes to terpenes; they are quite strong. Bon Appetit writer Alexandra Stafford explained how chefs and bartenders are using terpenes in addition to drops in order to create a wide range of terpene-infused meals and beverages.

List of Marijuana Terpenes

While cannabis and hemp terpenes are quite similar, they can also vary significantly between strains. Each terpene has its own set of characteristics that impact the plant’s effects. While there are hundreds of terpenes in marijuana, most of the study and knowledge has concentrated on the most prevalent ones.


Clove and herbs are prominent in the terpene myrcene, which has an earthy scent and is full of herbs and cloves. Myrcene is also present in mangoes and other plants such as basil, lemongrass, and thyme. It’s the terpene responsible for marijuana’s sedative “couch-lock” effects (effects that are more apparent in cannabis strains with myrcene levels of 0.5% or higher). It’s also recognized for anti-inflammatory and pain-relieving properties.

Some people believe that myrcene enhances the absorption and activation of THC. According to internet rumors, eating a mango 45 minutes before using marijuana may enhance the effects of the THC. There are no research to back this up, however. Myrcene has a boiling point of 332°F (167°C).


Because linalool is present in lavender, it has a floral, lavender-like scent. Because linalool is found in lavender as well, anyone who is familiar with lavender essential oil will be very aware of the numerous advantages of linalool, which include anti-inflammatory, anti-anxiety, and painkilling properties. Linalool has shown promise in studies exploring its use in Alzheimer’s disease treatment. Its melting point is 388°F (198°C).


Terpinolene has a delicate, sweet floral scent and relaxes in the same way as linalool. Terpinolene also adds herbal and woody notes in addition to its relaxing capabilities. This terpene is antibacterial and antioxidant in nature, and it is found in nutmeg, cumin, apples, conifers, and lilacs. Terpinolene has a boiling temperature of 122°F (50°C).


Humulene is a sedative, earthy, woody fragrance with anti-inflammatory effects. Coriander, cloves, and basil all contain this terpene as well as hops. Its boiling point is 222°F (106°C).


Ocimene is a terpene with floral and herbal scents that combines with pine to repel pests like viruses and bacteria. It’s also a decongestant. Ocimene comes from mint, basil, parsley, pepper, and mangoes. The melting point of ocimene is 122°F (50°C).


A cannabis strain with a pungent, spicy scent and flavor is likely to have a strong dosage of caryophyllene. This terpene, like black pepper, cinnamon, and cloves, has an earthy, woody scent that adds spice. Caryophyllene relieves anxiety and tension while also reducing pain. The blandness point of caryophyllene is 266°F (130°C).


Guaiol, which is valued for its anti-inflammatory and antibacterial effects, has a distinct piney odor that has drawn comparisons to pinene (which makes sense since it’s also found in cypress pines). It’s also an insecticide. Guaiol isn’t an oil like pinene; rather, it’s a sesquiterpenoid alcohol. Its boiling point is 197°F (92°C).


Limonene is a fragrant, citrus-based oil that has been used in perfumes and medicines since the early 1980s. It’s also present in fruit rinds, as well as peppermint, juniper, and rosemary. Limonene contains anti-anxiety, anti-depressant, and anti-tumor activities as well as being an anti-inflammatory and analgesic. Limonene has a boiling point of 348°F (176°C).


Pinene is a citrus-like aroma compound that’s present in pine needles and gives the odor of fresh pine. It can also be found in rosemary, parsley, dill, and basil plants. Pinene has anti-inflammatory, anti-tumor, analgesic, and antistress properties, among other things. Its boiling point is 311°F (155°C).


Bisabolol, a chemical found in chamomile, has a delicate and aromatic scent that makes it a lovely complement to the marijuana terpenes. It’s beneficial for pain relief due to its anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties. It’s also antibacterial and antioxidant. Bisabolol has a boiling point of 307°F (153°C).


Camphene is a chemical compound that comes from the camphor tree. It has a pine-tree scent with fir needles and a woody aroma. Camphene, which is also found in strongly scented materials such as camphor oil, turpentine, ginger, and citronella, has been shown to have cholesterol lowering abilities. Its boiling point is 318°F (159°C).


Geraniol is a strong-smelling terpene that has a flowery, sweet fragrance similar to geraniums. This makes it one of the most common terpenes used in cosmetics and bath products because it can be found in geraniums. Geraniol is neuroprotective as well as having anti-tumor, antioxidant, antibacterial, and antiviral effects among its several advantages. The boiling point of geraniol is 446°F (230°C).


Because valencene is present in Valencia oranges, it’s no surprise that it has a citrusy fragrance. It’s also been proved to be beneficial against pests and has an anti-inflammatory effect. Valencene boils at 253°F (123°C).


Terpineol is a terpene in cannabis that has a green, piney scent and shares the same odor as pinene. It may be found in trees and plants including as pine trees, lilac blossoms, and eucalyptus sap. Its therapeutic benefits include anti-inflammatory, anti-tumor, and antibacterial effects. Terpineol is also used to treat anxiety. Terpineol boils at 426°F (219°C).


Pulegone, also known for its peppermint scent, is most frequently found in rosemary. It’s been researched for its fever-reducing and sedative effects. Pulegone can break down the chemical acetylcholine to help brain nerve cells communicate more effectively. It’s also beneficial for combating short-term memory loss induced by THC consumption. Pulegone has a boiling point of 433°F (223°C).


Sabinene, a terpene wax with citrusy, spicy undertones and notes of pine, has an anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and antifungal scent that is valued for its antibacterial qualities. It may also be found in black pepper, basil, Norwegian spruce trees (trees from which nutmeg seeds are produced), and Myristica fragrant trees (trees from which nutmeg seeds are produced). The melting point of sabinene is 325°F (163°C).

Making the Most of Marijuana Terpenes

Cannabis terpenes provide a wide range of aromas and tastes to marijuana, much like wine connoisseurs enjoy earthy, fruity, or woody notes in a Cabernet Sauvignon. Some terpenes are more powerful and provide a stronger scent and flavor while others are less obvious.

Researchers are also studying the medical properties of cannabis terpenes both alone and in combination with the cannabinoids present in the plant. So far, their research has supported the concept of a marijuana entourage effect, which claims that the components operate better together as a whole than they do separately.

Regardless matter the purpose, understanding the characteristics and advantages of each terpene is beneficial in optimizing cannabis use – whether it’s to fully enjoy a certain strain or to maximize marijuana’s medical benefits.

Weed Tea

Weed Tea

You already know that eating and smoking cannabis has a variety of health advantages, but did you know you could be drinking it as well? Cannabis tea is one of the healthiest beverages in the world. Vitamins, nutrients, and antioxidants abound in it.

It’s a popular hangover cure because it soothes everything from morning sickness to stress. Modern study has given us new information regarding how it can benefit our health.

Many people are familiar with smoking cannabis and producing marijuana-infused edibles, but many others are unaware that it’s possible to make marijuana-infused tea. Marijuana tea is a great alternative to smoking cannabis since it is simple to customize for different tastes and desired effects. This may explain why marijuana tea has been consumed for hundreds of years.

The Origins of Marijuana Tea

Cannabis tea is not a new invention; in fact, it goes back many years. Marijuana tea has been consumed in various ways throughout history by different civilizations. Marijuana tea has long been drunk for medicinal or religious reasons in numerous locations, while it is merely enjoyed for the thrill of getting high elsewhere.

Jamaica is one of the first locations to embrace cannabis tea; it’s typical for expectant moms there to use marijuana to fight worry, anxiety, and morning sickness. Cannabis is known as “ganja” in Jamaica, and it’s frequently used in traditional medicine. According to reports, ganja tea is a popular therapeutic treatment in rural areas. Ganja tea is typically made from immature plants that haven’t fully developed for collecting, so the brew isn’t quite as potent as smoking dried mature buds.

Cannabis tea has been used across the world for hundreds of years, including in India, where it was first employed over 1000 B.C. In modern-day India, bhang is a hot beverage made from milk, marijuana, and seasonings that is crushed using a mortar and pestle.

Bhang is primarily used in religious rituals, especially as a present to God. Cannabis is one of the five most sacred plants in the Atharva Veda, a holy text in Hinduism. At dinner time, families in India frequently offer bhang to important visitors. Marijuana tea is also prescribed for feverishness, sunstroke, and stomach ailments.

Marijuana Tea Benefits

Cannabis tea is a popular beverage that contains cannabinoids from the cannabis plant and has several health benefits. THC, for example, may help to relieve pain and sleeplessness. Some cancer patients use THC to relieve nausea. CBD is also a strong analgesic that can assist people relax. Because marijuana tea takes time to take effect and keeps users high for an extended period of time, it might be used as medical marijuana in the form of long-term therapy for individuals who require it.

It’s quite relaxing to consume cannabis in the form of a hot drink, and it’s also a very modest method to take marijuana recreationally or therapeutically.

Marijuana Tea Effects

It might be difficult for individuals who are used to smoking or vaporizing cannabis to know what to anticipate from marijuana tea. Each brew will vary (depending on the amount of marijuana utilized and the strain utilized), but some of the common effects of cannabis tea are as follows:

Mellow, Euphoric High

The marijuana tea high is said to be a more sedating version of the marijuana high than smoking or vaporizing cannabis. Individuals who drink marijuana tea describe feeling pleasantly euphoric and rejuvenated.

Slow to Kick In

Marijuana tea’s effects don’t occur right away, much like edibles. They might take anywhere from 15 minutes to 90 minutes to materialize. This is due to the fact that, rather than being breathed into the lungs (where the cannabinoids are immediately absorbed into the bloodstream), the tea must travel through the digestive tract before being consumed. As a result, those who are unfamiliar with its characteristics should start with a tiny dose since it’s easy to overdo it before noticing any effects.

Long-Lasting Effects

The effects of marijuana wear off rather swiftly when smoking it, but marijuana tea may be kept for several hours. This makes it a particularly appealing option for pain, sleeplessness, or any other ailment in which the patient wishes to avoid taking repeated doses throughout the day or night.

How to Make Cannabis Tea

There are several commercial cannabis teas on the market, but making your own at home is a must-know topic for any cannabis novice. Cannabis tea may be produced in a variety of ways based on personal taste and desired impact. The beverage’s color and consistency can vary from light, non-psychoactive tea to a thicker, more creamy brew that produces a mild high an hour or two after consumption, similar to marijuana-infused edibles.

Stems or Buds?

Some people like brewing tea with cannabis flowers, while others enjoy making marijuana tea with stems. It’s a great way to get rid of stems after the buds are taken off, but any brew made with stems won’t be as psychoactive as one infused with THC. Regardless of what component you use, the procedures for producing different varieties of tea remain the same.

Non-Psychoactive Marijuana Tea

Simply soak the stems or broken-up flowers in hot water as you would with normal tea. To vary the taste, some people like to add additional herbs, spices, or tea leaves. This is an excellent method to get the health advantages of cannabis without feeling high afterward by drinking brewed cannabis flowers or cannabis stem tea.

Psychoactive THC Tea

To enjoy the effects of cannabis tea, you’ll need two things. The first is decarboxylation (heating cannabis until it activates cannabinoids such as THC), and the second is solubility. This means that those wanting to create a pot tea that will have obvious euphoric effects must decarboxylate their marijuana first. This may be done by breaking down the marijuana into tiny pieces and baking it at 230 degrees Fahrenheit for 40 minutes, turning the material every 10 minutes to ensure uniform heating.

Following that, a strong marijuana tea requires some sort of fat to attach to the THC (which is not water-soluble). A half cup of milk or a spoonful of butter or coconut oil will suffice. Bring 3 cups water to a boil in a saucepan with the fat, then simmer for at least 15 minutes. Allow the mixture to boil after stirring in the cannabis until all solids have been removed through a coffee filter.

This is a simple marijuana tea that may be consumed simply, combined with spices, or even made for a couple of minutes in order to adjust the flavor. Another alternative? Add a pinch of kief to an already-made cup of regular tea to make it into a warm, high-inducing cup of kief tea.


Many individuals enjoy unwinding with a cup of CBD tea. Because CBD is non-psychoactive, this is an excellent method to treat anxiety or pain without getting high or experiencing the negative side effects such as anxiety or paranoia that THC can produce. CBD tea is also beneficial for persons who suffer from insomnia.

CBD is made from the same substance found in high-CBD strains of cannabis, although it may also be obtained in significant amounts in hemp. This is an excellent option for individuals who don’t want any THC or adverse side effects.

CBD, like THC, is fat-soluble, so it needs milk, butter, or coconut oil to be mixed into the water in order for it to be absorbed.

We’ve compiled a step-by-step guide as simple as possible when it comes to decarboxylation. Unfortunately, you can’t just put some marijuana in a tea bag and steep (unless you enjoy the flavor of soggy marijuana and don’t want to get high). But making a quick single-serving of decarboxylated buds doesn’t have to be difficult. You got this.


  • 1 gram of ground cannabis (Sour Tangie or any citrus-scented strain works well)
  • 1 tablespoon of unsalted butter or coconut oil
  • Teabag of your choosing (classic English Breakfast is always good)
  • 4 cups of water
  • Any other ingredients for flavor such as honey, milk, sugar, cinnamon, etc.
  • Cheesecloth or a fine strainer 

Makes about three mug-sized portions of tea. One cup per person, but not more than two hours before driving or operating significant machinery.


Step 1: In a medium-sized saucepan, bring 4 cups of water to a boil. When it reaches a boil, add the tablespoon of butter or coconut oil and leave it to melt completely. Under high heat, THC needs something fatty to attach itself to in order for us to separate the good stuff from the plant material.

Step 2: Add a gram of cannabis powder to the simmering liquid and decrease the temperature to low.

Step 3: Allow this mixture to cook for 15 minutes. It may be worth it for really great weed or really enthusiastic cannabis cuisine lovers to simmer at the lowest possible temperature for a longer period of time in order to preserve the strain’s more complex flavors. When things get too hot, Terpenes are the first to burn off.

Step 4: Remove the tiny cannabis particles now that you’ve measured out how much water should be added. There’s simply too much water for you to strain straight into your cup (unless it’s very big), so use a bowl or, even better, an empty teapot. If you’re going with cheesecloth, tie it around the teapot or bowl at the top for a neater appearance. You may always have your quarantine partner hold the cheesecloth in place around the top, or solo chefs can use anything hefty to anchor it on all sides. Pour the boiling mixture carefully and slowly through the cheesecloth into your chosen vessel, being careful not to harm it. You may simply use a metal strainer if you’re okay with having leafy bits in your teeth, but a fine strainer is recommended unless you’re cool with that.

Step 5: Pour the tea into a teapot along with any embellishments such as mint, lemon, honey, or a cinnamon stick and mix well. It will aid in the balance of the herby flavor. Steep for around three minutes.

Step Yay: Remove the teabag and add in the infused butter slowly. Set your cup of tea on a heated surface (such as a hot pan or electric cooktop), add water to fill halfway, and let it steep for three to five minutes before serving.

There will always be a faint marijuana flavor, but you may add additional milk and sugar to balance it out. Many pre-made chai varieties are powerful enough to complement the herbal undertones. Remember that your body will still digest it as an edible, so be patient. It might take up to an hour and a half for the drug to work its way through your body, depending on whether you’ve eaten recently and your metabolism.

All About THC Wine

All About THC Wine

The marijuana-infused wine may appear to be a paradigm shift in a bottle. It’s actually been around for some time.

There’s a reason weed wine has been around for thousands of years — and it isn’t because people like to get high. We look at the history of marijuana wine, how it’s made, who it appeals to, what it tastes like, and what lies ahead for it in this section.

There is no dearth of diverse sorts and designs of cannabis goods now available commercially in the United States, where medical and recreational marijuana has been legalized in over half of the country and all of Canada. It’s only a matter of time before a wine and weed crossover product appears on store shelves as a new method to blend culinary art talents and improve the drinking experience, given the spreading legalization of marijuana cultivation and production, especially in west coast wine-producing regions. Marijuana-infused wine, often known as “cannawine,” is a combination of hemp or cannabis and commercially produced wine-flavored drink.

What is weed wine? 

It may come as a surprise that cannabis-infused wine has a long history. Cynthia Salarizadeh, founder and president of House of Saka, explains, Cannabis-infused wine has been around for thousands of years; it’s one of the original marijuana products… more of a trend than anything else at this point because the rules and industry have developed enough for individuals to bother doing it again.

Dealcoholized wine, which is usually from California and mixed with a THC or CBD emulsion to remove the alcohol, is used as weed wine in dispensaries. It resembles a normal bottle of wine but has a distinct flavor owing to the dealcoholization process and optional ingredients to restore taste and texture. The effects of the cannabis rather than any alcohol are responsible for the beverage’s effects.

While earlier versions combined cannabis and alcohol, current laws prohibit the mixing of marijuana and alcohol. Furthermore, the word “wine” may not be used for marketing or packaging purposes. Weed wine, like infused beer, must first be de-alcoholized before it comes into touch with cannabis.

The History of Weed Wine

We have no idea how long it’s been around. According to Thrillist, the ancient Egyptians and early Chinese ate it as well. Doctors in ancient China used weed wine as an anesthetic, according to Thrillist. Marijuana resin and wine were combined by physicians for patients for use as a sedative, most likely with the goal of making them more responsive to whatever therapies were popular at the time.

The combination has endured to the present day, when a wave of legalizations is allowing greeno vino to make a comeback. The distinction now is that weed wine isn’t alcoholic, as cannabis and alcohol must be kept strictly separated by law.

There’s no need to panic — weed wine is currently in vogue, and it offers a different perspective on alcoholic beverages that makes it stand out from cocktails and beer.

How It’s Made

Weed wine is frequently mistaken with ordinary wine. On the other hand, the flavor differs significantly.

To remove any alcohol from the wine, it is subjected to a dealcoholization procedure before cannabis is added. Following that, an CBD or THC emulsion is added and combined. The term nanoemulsions refers to this process. Because wine is polar and marijuana nonpolar, the latter would tend to separate and form an oily film on the surface of the drink due a difference in polarity. Nanoemulsions produce such tiny “nano” droplets of THC or CBD that they seem to be water-soluble chemicals.

If you’re searching for a new wine to try, pick from among the numerous varieties offered. To alter the taste or viscosity, add various components to resemble similar wines somewhat more closely.

Although they can’t be marketed as “cheese,” Kraft singles and weed wine are both prohibited from being labeled “wine” when it comes to marketing. You’ll see things like “Cannabis-Infused Rosé.”

When the mixture of dealcoholized wine and cannabis is ready, makers are required to transport the goods to a third-party business that is legally authorized to conduct cannabis infusions.

Who Drinks Weed Wine?

The bottle is one of the roadblocks for making weed wine. The playing field for cannabis-infused winemakers is dotted with landmines, including limits on what type of container the wine may be kept in. It’s common knowledge among cannabis users that resealable, single-serve bottles are the most regulatory friendly packaging available for cannabis beverages.

However, the limitations aren’t dampening enthusiasm for the green vin. For many people, the notion of a delectable, nonalcoholic wine that allows them to step outside themselves without suffering from a hangover is almost too good to be true. Those who don’t drink alcohol likewise find it appealing.

Wine is generally viewed as a more refined beverage. This implies that weed wine, in distinction to its morehedonistic counterparts in the beer and liquor industries, is inherently more distinguished and luxurious.

The rapid onset of effects is another benefit of weed wine. Pour a glass for your dinner guests and they’ll begin to feel the voodoo that cannabis has in store for them in 20 minutes or so. It is probable to last around an hour. This is significantly better than previous versions of marijuana wine, which appeared to take an eternity to set in before delivering an all-consuming high that was little social fun. Weed wine now gives comparable highs to a fantastic buzz.

What Does It Tastes Like?

It’s time to put your money where your mouth is and see if you can live up to the hype. Wine connoisseurs and marijuana enthusiasts would abandon the project in a second if it didn’t taste good.

Interestingly, home-brewed weed wines have been notorious for their repulsive tastes, which are comparable to those of aged boots. While they may have provided a good high, such beverages are not enjoyable to consume and cannot take the lead.

In recent years, weed winemakers have truly risen above the fray, producing wonderful beverages that provide exciting highs. They’ve been able to create new experiences for wine and cannabis aficionados by carefully constructing their wines’ compositions to work with — rather than against — the marijuana infusions.

There are many hurdles to overcome. However, within those difficulties is abundant potential for extreme personalization and unique encounters. A certain kind of dealcoholized wine may have an earthy flavor naturally. The taste of a sativa with a specific terpene profile may be very intriguing, and the high can produce euphoria and socializing. Certain terpenes present in the wine might interact in unexpected ways with THC to create various experiences.

You can compare weed wine to an interesting variation on an old favorite rather than attempting to match its flavor exactly (because so much of wine is in the alcohol).

The culture of weed wine  

What distinguishes cannabis wines from other alcoholic beverages? The first and most important aspect is the audience. People desire a pleasant, non-alcoholic beverage that won’t leave them with a horrible hangover. Alana Burstein, founder and president of Viv & Oak, succinctly defined the company’s aim: “Our goal is to provide an answer for individuals who don’t drink alcohol, such as myself… Our target market is women between 35 and 65 years old.” The lack of other soda and beer infusions may be an issue for this targeted audience. Like ordinary wine, these brands have a sense of luxury and sociability about them.

A major pull for cannabis-infused wine is the ability to control the dose. Weed wines, like other infused beverages, feature a low-dose portion that lasts about an hour and a high-dose serving that sets in roughly 20 minutes. This is a far cry from previous prototypes, with Larson noting that “a lot of the infused beverages that people were familiar with in the past were sugary and high potency, very much like a liquid edible: you take it, it’s a long onset and a very heavy, long experience, not very social or a real beverage experience. ” Contemporary wines offer an equivalent tranquil buzz to standard wine.

Marijuana for stress and anxiety

Marijuana for stress and anxiety

Stress is a natural component of life that, when used appropriately, can be beneficial. Stress may help you get things done by inspiring you to act, but it might also cause tension and wear down your body over time. Many people who are stressed have turned to cannabis as a quick way to reduce stress and anxiety levels.

The characteristics of medical marijuana in Florida may be determined in two ways: by strain and by product. Ratio-based goods are products based on a ratio, such as 1:1 (equal parts of each). Cannabis flower is typically inhaled, especially when it is considered more difficult to precisely measure the quantities of cannabinoids. In the following paragraphs, we’ll focus on strain-based identifications.

Anxiety is a difficult beast to combat and a misunderstood medical problem to explain. People frequently employ the term “anxiety” as a catchall for a variety of uneasy feelings or stressful circumstances. It’s usually linked to stress. People have been heard to say, “I’m always so stressed and concerned, I’m sure I have anxiety.”

In today’s fast-paced, high-pressure society, it’s almost inevitable to feel “anxious” at some time. But being worried, tense, or pressured doesn’t necessarily indicate that you have anxiety. It also does not imply that you don’t. Is anxiety a symptom of your condition or just a common worry? Your personal doctor can assist in determining whether you have anxiety.

There are therapies available to those who suffer from anxiety, whether or not they realize it. A growing number of individuals are using medical marijuana as a treatment for people with anxiety. Today, we’ll tackle the issue “What is anxiety?” We also discuss some of its signs and recommend four excellent strains for anxious folks.

Do you want a highly successful therapy for anxiety? Continue reading or get started by consulting the choices listed below.

What Anxiety Is

According to recent figures, anxiety has become the most prevalent mental health problem in North America. Current statistics from the Anxiety and Depression Association of America (ADAA) are cause for concern. According to the ADAA, anxiety affects 40 million American adults. One-third of 13-year-olds through 18-year-olds will get an anxiety disorder, according to the NIH.

Work-related stress affects an incredible 83 percent of Americans. According to another research, half of college students were suffering from anxiety and were seeking medical treatment.

The term “anxiety” refers to a variety of different emotions. It is described as a feeling of worry, tension, or dread. It has also been diagnosed by various other names including:

  • General anxiety disorder (GAD)
  • Major depressive disorder
  • Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)
  • Panic disorder
  • Phobic disorders
  • Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
  • Separation anxiety disorder
  • Social anxiety disorder

GAD is the most prevalent anxiety disorder among the ones mentioned above, affecting 5% of Americans at some point in their life.

Except for post-traumatic stress disorder, women are more prone to experience all of the anxiety disorders. Women are more likely to be affected by anxiety than men at the age of 50. It’s typically in age when menopause begins. It isn’t a distinct illness like the flu; instead, it occurs alongside other problems such as sadness.

Anxiety Symptoms – What to Look Out for

People who suffer from anxiety often experience the following:

  • Regularly feeling out of control
  • Experiencing higher levels of stress
  • Struggling with low self-esteem issues
  • Feeling nervous and anxious in social situations
  • Having extreme difficulty managing pressure at work or home
  • Being sick more often than usual
  • Experiencing unhealthy relationships
  • Suffering from health problems apart from anxiety
  • Feeling depressed
  • Having anger management issues
  • Constantly feeling unsettled and overwhelmed
  • Maybe bouncing from job to job due to higher levels of stress

According to Anxiety UK, you can see the condition in the following ways:

  1. Physical effects: Other symptoms are palpitations, sweating, muscular tension, dry mouth, dizziness, and a churning stomach.
  2. Cognitive effects: Negative thoughts are a typical occurrence for those who suffer from anxiety. They may feel as if they’re going to make a fool of themselves or that they’ll die.
  3. Behavioral effects: Many individuals modify their behavior as a result of the anxiety that they will have an anxiety attack. They will avoid situations that make them uncomfortable.

How Anxiety Is Treated Without Marijuana

Anxiety is a very popular research topic, which has resulted in a variety of treatments. Many of these therapies have been shown to be successful in the treatment of anxiety disorders:

  • Talk Therapy: It’s not only about talking in psychotherapy. It’s all about resolving issues and finding a solution to your problem. Whether you’re afraid of performing social activities or experiencing anxiety at work, it makes no difference. Many individuals believe talk therapy can help them conquer their fears or manage their stress.
  • Medication: According to recent statistics, 40% of Americans use at least one prescription drug. At least three medications are being taken by 17% of patients. To cope with anxiety, doctors frequently prescribe Paxil, Xanax, or Niravam.
  • Alternative Therapies: Acupuncture, yoga, and meditation are some examples. Alternative treatments are fashionable as people strive to modify their lifestyle. People hope that these wonderful therapies will assist them in coping with day-to-day ailments and medical issues. Anxiety can be treated using these fantastic ideas by encouraging a healthy, happy, and productive lifestyle.

Marijuana and Anxiety

The use of cannabis for anxiety is a somewhat divisive issue. Marijuana may cause worry or paranoia, especially when taken in large doses over a short time. It can induce panic attacks, one of the reasons why people quit using it. When used appropriately, however, marijuana has the potential to produce the opposite effect. There’s evidence that it can be used to treat a variety of ailments, including anxiety.

THC and CBD can have very different effects and will also affect people in different ways.

CBD-dominant marijuana strains function on serotonin receptors to reduce anxiety. THC, on the other hand, has been shown to decrease anxiety by producing psychotropic effects that relieve stress and improve anxiety in some individuals.

A significant trial studied whether CBD assisted in improving sleep and anxiety. The study by Shannon et al. was published in The Permanente Journal in January 2019. Anxiety decreased by 79% in the first month and remained low throughout the length of the research, with 72 adults participating.

Cuttler, et al. investigated the impact of cannabis on anxiety, stress, and depression symptoms in a 2018 study published in the Journal of Affective Disorders. According to the researchers, they discovered an exciting finding. Users who consumed marijuana reported a 58% reduction in anxiety and stress symptoms. They also had a 50% lower rate of sadness.

It all boils down to the proper balance and dosage in the end. As a result, it’s critical to talk with your doctor before considering marijuana as a treatment for anxiety.

6 best marijuana strains for stress

Not all cannabis is made equal. In fact, there are several strains of cannabis with varied effects, making some better for certain diseases than others. Here are the six best stress-relieving marijuana varieties:

Girl Scout Cookies

The Super Sour Congroo GSC, formerly known as the Girl Scout Cookies strain, combines OG Kush and Durban Poison. It has a reputation for making people feel calm and joyful. A little goes a long way with this strain because it can boost THC levels to 25% to 28 percent. Because it reduces tension and physical pain while also assisting with depression, consumers consider this strain one of the finest cannabis strains for stress and anxiety.

Granddaddy Purple

Granddaddy Purple, often known as GDP, combines Purple Urkle and Big Bud to create a rich grape and berry flavor. This strain is useful for a variety of issues including pain, stress, muscular spasms, and sleeplessness. However, this plant has a “cottonmouth,” which means you’ll need to drink a lot of liquids.

Jack Herer

The aroma and flavor of Equinox Equinox Equinox is a Sativa-dominant hybrid with an intriguing citrus scent and taste, as well as a hint of pine. This strain has excellent cerebral and physical effects balance, promoting profound calmness.

Sour Diesel

Another Sativa-dominant strain with a focus on mental stimulation is Sour Diesel (also known as “Sour D”). This strain has fast-acting effects that not only energize but also produce a sense of “dreaminess.” Consumers report that this strain has a lemon/lime flavor, hence the name’s origin. Some excellent effects of this cannabis include: mental arousal, optimism, and mindfulness. With this variety, keep an eye out for cottonmouth.

Blue Dream

Blue Dream is one of the most well-known and common strains. This California-grown strain offers a pleasant, earthy, and berry flavor profile. Blue Dream is utilized to treat tension, sadness, anxiety, chronic pain, sleeplessness, and attention difficulties.

OG Kush

The OG Kush strain is a good choice for people seeking stress relief. This plant produces a euphoric sensation and can assist with tension, anxiety, and depression. Some users have claimed that this product alleviates headaches and migraines as well. The OG Kush cannabis strain has an earthy, woody flavor with undertones of pine and sour lemon.

For others, CBD is the preferred cannabinoid for stress. It provides a variety of therapeutic properties, including anxiety and inflammation alleviation. Others enjoy THC since it comes with its own set of therapeutic and mood-boosting advantages. To leave you feeling a little more balanced, try buying a product that includes both THC and CBD.

The Maine Medical Marijuana Program does not sell marijuana, however they can provide information about these strains and others that may help you relax.

Final Thoughts

The connection between cannabis and anxiety is a tough one to navigate. There’s no doubt that going too far can make things worse. Medical marijuana for anxiety and stress, on the other hand, may provide a useful, natural therapy in moderation.

What is CBGA? Cannabigerolic Acid

Cannabinoids, the chemical compounds found in the cannabis plant, as well as several other complex organic chemicals, are responsible for the plant’s therapeutic effects.

THC and CBD are the two most common cannabinoids in cannabis. However, without cannabigerolic acid (CBGa), these compounds would not exist since the cannabis plant employs CBGa as a precursor to create numerous cannabinoids, including THC and CBD.

CBGa’s primary function in the creation of other cannabinoids presently dominates CBGa research, according to evidence.

What is CBGa? 

CBGA is created when olivetolic acid and geranyl pyrophosphate, two natural components present in the cannabis plant, combine. CBG includes cannabinoids such as THCa, CBDa, and CBCa. This 180-degree change in perspective regarding cannabis is due to the wide range of medical applications that these cannabinoids currently have. Cannabis has long been a scapegoat, but it is now being recognized as a therapeutic option for people all around the world. However, creating cannabinoids is an inefficient and costly procedure. Scientists have been attempting to use CBGa’s synthetic function to build natural cannabinoids outside of growing and extracting cannabis plants for some time.

Carboxylic acids can be found in many natural environments, with the most prevalent carboxylic acids being formic acid and acetic acid. Each carboxylic acid contains a carboxyl group (COOH) made up of carbon, oxygen, and hydrogen. The end of the cannabinoid’s main structure is modified with these carboxyl groups in CBGA cannabinoid acids like CBGA.

CBGA decarboxylates into CBG when heated to 110° C. The carboxyl group at the end of the CBGA molecule is changed into a unique chemical structure, and it no longer classifies as an acid.

CBGA does not always convert into CBG, however. Because it is also the chemical precursor for CBD, THC, and cannabichromene (CBC), this cannabinoid acid is known as the “stem cell cannabinoid.” CBGA does not directly transform into any of these other cannabinoids, although it can be decarboxylated into intoxicating THC if non-intoxicating CBGA is heated.

CBGA does not become CBDA, THCA, or CBCA by itself. Instead, during the development of Cannabis sativa flower, CBGA is transformed into carboxylic acid precursors for other cannabinoids via a chemical process. CBGA can transform into either CBDA, THCA, or CBCA depending on the strain’s genetics. When decarboxylated, these cannabinoid acids become their stable cannabinoid forms. CBGA is of particular interest to cannabis researchers because it has the potential to convert into other cannabinoid acids. This carboxylic acid, on the other hand, appears to offer its own set of advantages that make it worthy of further study.

Cannabigerol helped to develop CBG, CBN, THCA, and other cannabinoids. Cannabigerol was the catalyst for THC production in a variety of organisms, which aided the development of CBG, CBN, THCA, and other cannabinoids. This study’s significance is that it provides scientists with a method for creating natural and synthetic cannabinoids to continue their research and therapeutic applications.

CBGA: The mother cannabinoid

Cannabigerolic acid (CBDGA) is a cannabinoid-producing component in the cannabis plant. Cannabis trichomes generate olivetolic acid (OA) and geranyl diphosphate (GPP), which are produced through a series of chemical reactions. CBGA is transformed by a particular enzyme, CBGA synthase, into CBGA. THCA, CBDA, and CBCA are formed via conversion of CBGA by THCA synthase, CBDA synthase, and CBCA synthase, respectively.

CBGA, on the other hand, can be transformed into CBG if subjected to specific circumstances before these reactions. When the molecule is heated, a carboxyl group separates from it. This procedure, known as decarboxylation, results in CBG. CBG is more often known as a minor cannabinoid; nevertheless, it is beginning to catch on in the world of marijuana. An increasing number of CBG-containing goods are being released onto the market every day, and breeders have developed strains with cannabinoid contents consisting entirely of CBG.

CBG is also incorporated into other cannabis components. It serves as a secondary metabolite, helping to direct resources toward the flowers for resin and seed production by functioning as a resource management agent. The molecule accomplishes this remarkable feat by promoting programmed cell death in the leaves, which conserves vital energy.

What is the endocannabinoid system and what is its role?

CBGA is a cannabinoid that protects cannabis and inhibits natural leaf pruning via targeted plant cell death, allowing the plant to focus energy towards the bloom. It’s derived from trichomes in cannabis leaves and initiates specific plant cell necrosis for natural leaf trimming in order for the plant to use all of its resources effectively.

CBGA is a key building block in cannabis flower. CBGA, you might think of as the “grandfather” of cannabinoids because it’s at the top of the cascade reaction that generates the three primary cannabinoid types: THCV, CBD, and CBG.

  • THCA (tetrahydrocannabinolic acid)
  • CBDA (cannabidiolic acid)
  • CBCA (cannabichromenic acid)

Cannabinoids are found in the flower and leaves of the plant, where they form as THC (delta-8), CBD (delta-9), or CBG (cannabigerol). Each chemical is derived from cannabigerolic acid by changing a couple hydrogen atoms. The cannabinoids eventually become THC, CBD, or CBC, respectively. CBGA may also convert to CBG, but it usually converts to THC or CBD in strains.

The Discovery of CBGA

For more than 50 years, researchers have known about CBG (cannabigerol). Israeli scientists were the first to isolate the cannabinoid, and 30 years later, Japanese researchers were the first to establish that CBGA was its precursor. Despite its long history, little research has been conducted on CBGA until now. The majority of that CBGA study has concentrated on producing THCA in a sustainable way for pharmaceutical and academic applications. This work has examined the mechanism by which CBGA is converted into THCA.

CBGA was not discovered during Cannabis sativa’s original taxonomization. It wasn’t until the 1970s that Israeli scientists were able to isolate CBGA from cannabis, and it wasn’t until 1996 that Japanese researchers recognized that CBGA is the chemical precursor of CBG.Because of this timetable, it’s easy to understand why CBGA research is so new. Together with the fact that worldwide prohibition efforts have made researching cannabis compounds difficult, CBGA research presently stands as a logical conclusion.

CBGA has recently gotten a lot more attention, however because to the discovery that this cannabinoid can also transform into THC and CBD’s chemical precursor. CBGA’s capacity to convert into THCA, according to some researchers, might make it an excellent source of recombinant THC.

Cannabis is one of the most widely utilized herbal medicines in the world today. Although mature Cannabis sativa flower accounts for nearly all of the world’s cannabis supply, cultivating and processing cannabis is extremely inefficient. While hemp and cannabis flower will continue to be significant components of the connoisseur or artisan cannabinoid economy indefinitely, researchers are searching for means to create cannabinoids from alternative resources for medicinal-grade cannabinoid goods in large quantities.

It’s easy to isolate CBGA from a variety of genetically modified yeast strains, according to research published last year. This recombinant CBGA can then be transformed into THCA. Then, the THCA is decarboxylated into THC, ending the process of producing THC from yeast without the issues surrounding large-scale outdoor cannabis agriculture farming.

Cannabinoids can also be produced from yeast in a laboratory setting, however scientists are still working on methods to do so on a commercial scale. For the near future, it seems probable that the relative simplicity with which CBGA is produced in yeast will continue to make this carboxylic acid an attractive recombinant cannabinoid target.

How to Consume CBGa 

The most effective way to consume the greatest amount of CBGa is to eat raw hemp. Freshly harvested Cannabis sativa with little or no THC is referred to as raw hemp. The more recently harvested, the higher the chance of having a greater amount of CBGa.

Because heat and light, oxidation, and decarboxylation cause the acidic types of cannabinoids to convert to their activated forms, it’s no surprise that cannabis stored in a hot environment converts some CBG into CBN. Cannabis stored for a long time in those conditions will contain less CBGa and more CBG (and eventually CBN) as a result. Hemp has greater quantities of CBGa than marijuana strains high in THC.

There is a lack of research on the risks, benefits, and techniques of CBGa consumption. Before using cannabis/hemp in your diet or health plan, talk to your doctor.

The Benefits of CBGa

There have been some fascinating research on how CBGa affects a variety of diseases. It should be pointed out that the following studies are some of the first of their kind, and do not represent a scientific consensus. They’re fascinating, and they provide a solid basis for future study. We cannot emphasize enough the importance of consulting your doctor before using CBGa-rich products to treat yourself.

CBGA has yet to be thoroughly researched, but early research offers some hints about its possible applications in the future.

Cardiovascular Disease

CBGA may assist diabetics fight some of the disease’s symptoms and comorbidities, such as heart disease. CBGA was investigated in vitro and found to strongly inhibit aldose reductase, an enzyme that causes oxidative stress and leads to heart and other illnesses. The effects of CBGA treatment were highly dose-dependent, as anticipated. Many patients dislike the side effects of synthetic inhibitor medications; thus, a CBGA plant-derived medication holds significant promise.

Side effects

Unfortunately, CBGA is under-explored. Because of a lack of human trials, there is a significant hole in knowledge on cannabinoids. There is no definitive evidence on the possible side effects of CBGA. We do know that CBGA does not bind to CB1 receptors and thus has no psychoactive effects comparable to CBD. However, because there are no data available, we don’t know whether the cannabinoid interacts with medicines. Hopefully more research will answer these questions soon.

Metabolic Disorders

CBGA has also been shown to benefit people with other metabolic diseases, according to another study. CBGA’s action on PPARs that control metabolism was studied in the 2019 in silico study (computer simulation). If PPARs aren’t able to operate efficiently, diabetes and high cholesterol or triglycerides (dyslipidemia) can develop. CBGA increased the activity of the PPAR receptors in this research, which led to improved fat metabolism and less fat accumulation. This study must be repeated in animal and human tests.

Colon Cancer

Finally, CBGA may be useful in cancer therapy down the road. Researchers examined the cytotoxic effects of CBGA extracted from cannabis and discovered that it not only killed colon cancer cells, but it also hastened early cancer cell death and halted the cancer cell cycle. The scientists were optimistic about CBGA’s ability to target not only colon cancer cells, but also the growth and division of polyps. If left unaddressed, these polyps become carcinomas.

CBGa and Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD)

In a 2013 study, researchers induced colitis in mice and then examined the impact of CBG on extracted intestinal cells from the afflicted rodents. The data revealed that CBG reduced nitric oxide production, reduced severity of the disease, and decreased the formation of oxidizing chemicals in the small intestine, suggesting that it has therapeutic effects against colitis.

Because of these benefits, researchers urged CBG use in clinical research with human IBD patients.

CBGa and Diabetes

Recent research suggests that CBGa has the potential to be used as a diabetes medication. Aldose reductase (ALR2) is an enzyme that causes oxidative stress and contributes to diabetic complications and diabetes-induced cardiovascular disease, the most common cause of death in diabetics.

In 2018, Italian scientists published a research that revealed Cannabis extracts with high amounts of non-psychoactive cannabinoids might be used as potential therapies for diabetic problems.

CBGa and Metabolic Disorders

Cadexulubin, a metabolite of CABG surgery, has been shown to have antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activity. It is also thought to aid in the treatment of metabolic diseases. Nuclear peroxisome proliferator activated receptors (PPARs) are regulators of metabolism that experts believe play a role in the prevention and treatment of metabolic disorders.

PPAR disruption may lead to the advancement of metabolic illnesses such as diabetes and dyslipidemia. In 2019, Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) – General Subjects published research indicating that CBGA activates PPARs in a way that promotes lipid metabolism and reduces excessive lipids.

CBGa and Colon Cancer Cells 

Colorectal cancer is one of the most common types of cancer. According to a study published in Cannabis and Cannabinoid Research in 2018, CBGa may have a therapeutic role in attacking colon cancer cells. By causing apoptosis (programmed cell death) in colon cancer cells, CBGa-rich cannabis extracts were found to be involved in cytocidal action on colon cancer cells.

These extracts were found to be effective against these adenomatous polyps, which if left unchecked might develop into cancer. Cannabis extracts containing CBGa are being looked at as chemopreventive agents that may either prevent or slow the development of neoplastic polyps.

CBGa is a Neuroprotectant 

Neuroinflammation is linked to a variety of diseases, including schizophrenia, autism spectrum disorder, Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, and multiple sclerosis.

A variety of factors can cause neuroinflammation, including infection, injury, and autoimmune diseases. Inflammation and oxidative stress are important contributors to neuroinflammation. In a 2018 International Journal of Molecular Sciences study, CBG was shown to decrease inflammation as well as oxidative stress and the expression of inflammatory proteins linked with neuroinflammation.

According to the research, CBG has “neuroprotective properties that may be useful in the treatment of neuroinflammation and oxidative stress.” Another study published in 2018 in The Journal of Neuroinflammation backs this up, showing that CBGa’s anti-oxidative qualities protected mice from Parkinson’s disease neurodegeneration.

CBGA on the horizon

CBG and CBGA are already significant components of the global hemp economy, and CBGA is proving to be essential in the early phases of the recombinant cannabinoid business. CBGA will continue to gain prominence in the world of cannabis, and it may even end up being regarded as the most significant Cannabis sativa component through both these methods.

Meanwhile, learn about the possible advantages of CBGA for yourself by smoking CBG flower or going the purist route and obtaining a method to consume this cannabinoid in its original carboxylic acid form. We’re just getting started understanding about CBGA, and it’s up to hemp enthusiasts all around the world to push for more study on this intriguing cannabinoid acid. Visit the Secret Nature blog for additional tips like this, and please contact us with any inquiries.

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