What is marijuana?

What is marijuana

Marijuana—also called weed, herb, pot, grass, bud, ganja, Mary Jane, and a vast number of other slang terms—is a greenish-gray mixture of the dried flowers of Cannabis sativa. Some people smoke marijuana in hand-rolled cigarettes called joints; in pipes, water pipes (sometimes called bongs), or in blunts (marijuana rolled in cigar wraps). Marijuana can also be used to brew tea and, particularly when it is sold or consumed for medicinal purposes, is frequently mixed into foods (edibles) such as brownies, cookies, or candies. Vaporizers are also increasingly used to consume marijuana. Stronger forms of marijuana include sinsemilla (from specially tended female plants) and concentrated resins containing high doses of marijuana’s active ingredients, including honeylike hash oil, waxy budder, and hard amberlike shatter. These resins are increasingly popular among those who use them both recreationally and medically.

The main psychoactive(mind-altering) chemical in marijuana, responsible for most of the intoxicating effects that people seek, is delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). The chemical is found in resin produced by the leaves and buds primarily of the female cannabis plant. The plant also contains more than 500 other chemicals, including more than 100 compounds that are chemically related to THC, called cannabinoids.

What is marijuana?

How do people use marijuana?

People smoke marijuana in hand-rolled cigarettes (joints) or in pipes or water pipes (bongs). They also smoke it in blunts—emptied cigars that have been partly or completely refilled with marijuana. To avoid inhaling smoke, some people are using vaporizers. These devices pull the active ingredients (including THC) from the marijuana and collect their vapor in a storage unit. A person then inhales the vapor, not the smoke. Some vaporizers use a liquid marijuana extract.

People can mix marijuana in food (edibles), such as brownies, cookies, or candy, or brew it as a tea. A newly popular method of use is smoking or eating different forms of THC-rich resins.

How does marijuana affect the brain?

Marijuana has both short-and long-term effects on the brain.

Short-Term Effects

When a person smokes marijuana, THC quickly passes from the lungs into the bloodstream. The blood carries the chemical to the brain and other organs throughout the body. The body absorbs THC more slowly when the person eats or drinks it. In that case, they generally feel the effects after 30 minutes to 1 hour.

THC acts on specific brain cell receptors that ordinarily react to natural THC-like chemicals. These natural chemicals play a role in normal brain development and function.

Marijuana over activates parts of the brain that contain the highest number of these receptors. This causes the “high” that people feel. Other effects include:

  • altered senses (for example, seeing brighter colors)
  • altered sense of time
  • changes in mood
  • impaired body movement
  • difficulty with thinking and problem-solving
  • impaired memory
  • hallucinations (when taken in high doses)
  • delusions (when taken in high doses)
  • psychosis (risk is highest with regular use of high potency marijuana)

Long-Term Effects

Marijuana also affects brain development. When people begin using marijuana as teenagers, the drug may impair thinking, memory, and learning functions and affect how the brain builds connections between the areas necessary for these functions. Researchers are still studying how long marijuana’s effects last and whether some changes may be permanent.

For example, a study from New Zealand conducted in part by researchers at Duke University showed that people who started smoking marijuana heavily in their teens and had an ongoing marijuana use disorder lost an average of 8 IQ points between ages 13 and 38. The lost mental abilities didn’t fully return in those who quit marijuana as adults. Those who started smoking marijuana as adults didn’t show notable IQ declines.

In another recent study on twins, those who used marijuana showed a significant decline in general knowledge and in verbal ability (equivalent to 4 IQ points) between the preteen years and early adulthood, but no predictable difference was found between twins when one used marijuana and the other didn’t. This suggests that the IQ decline in marijuana users may be caused by something other than marijuana, such as shared familial factors (e.g., genetics, family environment). NIDA’s Adolescent Brain Cognitive Development (ABCD) study, a major longitudinal study, is tracking a large sample of young Americans from late childhood to early adulthood to help clarify how and to what extent marijuana and other substances, alone and in combination, affect adolescent brain development.

HOW IS IT USED?

Marijuana can be smoked as a cigarette (joint), but may also be smoked in a dry pipe or a water pipe known as a “bong.” It can also be mixed with food and eaten or brewed as tea. These are called “edibles” and are covered in detail later in this booklet. Sometimes users open up cigars and remove the tobacco, replacing it with pot—called a “blunt.” Joints and blunts are sometimes laced with other, more powerful drugs, such as crack cocaine or PCP (phencyclidine, a powerful hallucinogen).

When a person inhales the smoke from a joint or a pipe, he usually feels its effect within minutes. The immediate sensations—increased heart rate, lessened coordination and balance, and a “dreamy,” unreal state of mind—peak within the first 30 minutes. These short term effects usually wear off in two to three hours, but they could last longer, depending on how much the user takes, the potency of THC and the presence of other drugs added into the mix.

As the typical user inhales more smoke and holds it longer than he would with a cigarette, a joint creates a severe impact on the lungs. Aside from the discomfort that goes with sore throats and chest colds, it has been found that smoking one joint gives as much exposure to cancer-producing chemicals as smoking four to five cigarettes.

The mental consequences of marijuana use are equally severe. Marijuana smokers have poorer memories and mental aptitude than do non-users.

Recent studies on young adults that smoke marijuana, found abnormalities in the brain related to emotion, motivation and decision-making.

Can you overdose on marijuana?

It is possible to overdose on marijuana, if you take a very high dose. Symptoms of an overdose include anxiety, panic, and a rapid heartbeat. In rare cases, an overdose can cause paranoia and hallucinations. There are no reports of people dying from using just marijuana.

What is marijuana?

Is marijuana addictive?

After using marijuana for a while, it is possible to get addicted to it. You are more likely to become addicted if you use marijuana every day or you started using it when you were a teenager. If you are addicted, you will have a strong need to take the drug. You may also need to smoke more and more of it to get the same high. When you try to quit, you may have mild withdrawal symptoms such as

  • Irritability
  • Trouble sleeping
  • Decreased appetite
  • Anxiety
  • Cravings

What is medical marijuana?

The marijuana plant has chemicals that can help with some health problems. More states are making it legal to use the plant as medicine for certain medical conditions. But there isn’t enough research to show that the whole plant works to treat or cure these conditions. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has not approved the marijuana plant as a medicine. Marijuana is still illegal at the national level.

However, there have been scientific studies of cannabinoids, the chemicals in marijuana. The two main cannabinoids that are of medical interest are THC and CBD. The FDA has approved two drugs that contain THC. These drugs treat nausea caused by chemotherapy and increase appetite in patients who have severe weight loss from AIDS. There is also a liquid drug that contains CBD. It treats two forms of severe childhood epilepsy. Scientists are doing more research with marijuana and its ingredients to treat many diseases and conditions.

Does Weed Go Bad?

Does Weed Go Bad

Weed doesn’t go bad the way a jar of mayo or some other food product might, but it can definitely be “off” or even moldy.

Old weed likely won’t lead to any serious health issues if you don’t have any underlying conditions.

It can, however, have a noticeable drop in potency, which can be a big deal if you’re using it for medical purposes. Older weed can also undergo changes in taste and texture.

How long does it stay fresh?

When stored properly (more on this later), dried cannabis keeps for 6 months to 1 year. Over time, it begins to lose its aroma and potency.

According to some older research, weed loses roughly 16 percent of its THC after 1 year, and it just keeps dropping from there:

  • 26 percent THC lost after 2 years
  • 34 percent THC lost after 3 years
  • 41 percent THC lost after 4 years

Effects of Stale Weed

So, although weed may slowly lose some of its potency over long periods of time, it will never “expire” the same way groceries do. But that doesn’t mean that you should let your weed go stale. Besides the biggest detriment of losing potency over time, weed will also slowly lose its aroma, texture and flavor over time.

In the most extreme cases, you will be left with nothing more than a stash of impotent, crumbly dust that isn’t usable for anything.

So, Does Weed Go Bad?

Does weed go bad? How to tell if your stash is stale

Yes, weed goes bad. In fact, there are a couple different ways it can go bad. On one hand, if your weed sits unused for too long, or you leave it exposed to too much light or open air, it will simply dry out and turn into dusty, crumbly, ineffective flower. On the other hand, if your weed is exposed to too much humidity or other contaminants it could go moldy. And you do not want to inhale mold smoke. Doing so can make you sick.

Beyond the possibility of getting sick from bad weed, keeping your weed fresh will give you a better product and a better cannabis experience. The longer cannabis is exposed to environmental factors such as light and air, the more the cannabinoids and terpenes deteriorate. So if you want weed that will taste and smell great, while getting you super high, take care of your bud the right way.

What About Old Edibles?

Things change when discussing old cannabis edibles. While the THC content gradually degrades in CBN, which isn’t harmful, the other ingredients in edibles, such as eggs and milk, WILL go off.

If you are worried about an expiration date found on a purchased edible, it is probably a good idea to bin it. At best, it won’t make you sick but will taste like ass. If you make your edibles, store excess portions in the freezer.

Airtight Storage

One weed lover/scientist decided to find out exactly what happens to cannabis as it ages and sent a five-year-old sample into the Cannalysis testing lab. We already know that THC transforms into CBN when exposed to oxygen. CBN is known for its exceptional healing properties and is also a very effective sleep aid according to users. The sample in question was kept in a glass mason jar, so exposure to air was minimal. As a result, the weed’s THC content remained high, although the percentage of CBN also increased slightly.

In terms of aesthetics, the buds were less resplendent in terms of glimmer and color. When the buds were new, they were sticky, but after five years of airtight storage, they had become crunchier, although the trichomes were still in excellent condition. Rather surprisingly, the terpene content and scent remained strong, although the first whiff of the weed after opening the jar was awful!

The marijuana also had a different taste, with a dry and earthy flavor and a relatively harsh throat hit. Overall, weed that has been stored in an airtight container will still provide you with a decent experience after several years.

Improperly Stored

Depending on where the weed was stored, the bud will become damper or drier with age and will have an extremely high CBN count. If the weed is dry when you find it, you can safely smoke it, although you should prepare for very harsh hits. If the weed is damp, there is a chance it will develop mold, and trying to smoke moldy marijuana IS a health hazard. Incidentally, while the oldest known marijuana stash contained a high level of CBN, the 2,700-year-old sample still contained a reasonable amount of THC; enough to get a novice user high at the very least!

A bigger problem is if your old marijuana has been exposed to damp conditions. Weed can develop mold during the growing cycle, or if it has been stored with an excessive level of moisture in it. Regardless of how it happens, using moldy cannabis is a health hazard. Use a magnifying glass to check any bud you suspect of being moldy. The mold itself resembles a dense cobweb and usually has a gray coloring.

An alternative is to shine a black light on the bud. Any mold on it will have an obvious green hue. Smoking mold means inhaling thousands of toxic spores, which can cause serious respiratory problems. Regardless of its age, dump any moldy marijuana you find.

Identifying Old Weed That May Be Past Its ‘Best Use’ Date

Women, Weed, and Sex: What You Need to Know

In summation, marijuana stored in an airtight container away from direct heat and also not kept in a damp location can last many years and remain perfectly usable. However, the weed you purchase isn’t always necessarily kept in such pristine conditions, so you have to know when someone is trying to sell you bad marijuana. Alternatively, if you find old weed and don’t know how long it has been hidden, you need to check these pointers to ensure you’re not using stale cannabis that is certain to have a nasty taste.

Appearance

Excessively old and dried out weed will break apart into a fine powder with ease. While it may initially resemble kief, stale marijuana may also contain seeds and stems. You can identify mold fairly easily once you know what to look for. Check out the location of the offending substance’s concentration to determine whether it is mold or trichomes: Mold grows over trichomes and looks like a mass of white powder capable of penetrating every surface of the herb. You can also spot mold when you break apart the nugs.

Smell

Terpenes don’t last long on poorly stored weed. Therefore, if your cannabis offers a pleasant scent, it is almost certainly fit for consumption. Beware marijuana with a mildew-type smell, as this is a sign of possible mold growth. If you get a weird chemical aroma, it probably means that pesticides or other chemicals have been used to treat the weed while it grew.

Texture

Pulling apart the nugs should tell you everything you need to know about the condition of the weed. You can determine whether there is any moisture content or see if it falls apart in your hands. Herb that is well cured and dried will make a ‘snapping’ sound when you handle it, whereas old cannabis makes a cracking sound and also feels extremely dry.

Taste

If your marijuana passes all of the above tests, smoke a small amount to be 100% sure. One thing about ‘bad weed’ is that you will taste the problem almost immediately!

Hemp Seeds Nutrition Facts

Hemp Seeds Nutrition Facts

Hemp seeds are a rich source of nutrients. Part of the hemp plant, these seeds are technically a nut that can be eaten raw or used to make milk, oil, cheese substitutes, or protein powder. 

While related to the cannabis plant, hemp seeds have little to none of the psychoactive compound THC found in marijuana. For centuries the seeds have been used for oral and topical applications to treat and prevent certain health issues. A growing body of modern clinical research is backing up many of these claims. 

Hemp seeds’ nutty flavor and versatility also make them a great substitute for the levels of protein, essential fatty acids, and other nutritional benefits found in meat and dairy products.

Hemp seeds can be:

  • Eaten raw, roasted, or cooked
  • Shelled as hemp hearts
  • Cold-pressed to produce hemp seed oil
  • Used for non-dairy hemp milk and hemp cheese

Nutrition Information

A 30 gram serving (three-tablespoons) of raw hemp seeds contains:

  • Calories: 166
  •  Protein: 9.47 grams
  • Fat: 14.6 grams
  • Carbohydrates: 2.6 grams
  •  Fiber: 1.2 grams
  • Sugar: 0.45 grams

Hemp seeds are also good source of: 

  •  Iron
  •  Vitamin E
  •  Manganese
  •  Magnesium
  •  B-vitamins 
  •  Zinc

Hemp seeds also contain high levels of omega-3 and omega-6 essential fatty acids. 

Hemp Seeds Nutrition Facts

Hemp seeds are a great source of lean protein for vegetarians and vegans and are easy to add to your meals. They’re particularly great for vegetarians following a high-protein diet, such as the Slow Carb Diet. You can sprinkle them on salads, noodles dishes and vegetable stir-fries, or add them into a morning breakfast bowl or smoothie. But what nutrients are you getting when you do? What is the nutritional value of hemp seeds?

According to CalorieCount, one serving of hemp seeds, which is three tablespoons, provides:

  • Calories: 180, Calories from Fat 126
  • Total Fat 14.0g 22%, 
  • Saturated Fat 1.5g 8%, Polyunsaturated Fat 10.0g, Monounsaturated Fat 1.5g
  • Potassium 300mg 9%
  • Total Carbohydrates 2.0g 1%
  • Dietary Fiber 2.0g 8%
  • Protein 10.0g
  • Vitamin A: 0%, Vitamin C: 0%, Calcium: 2%, Iron: 20%

Essential Fatty Acids

Hemp seeds are great for getting a little extra protein here and there, but most people love hemp seeds for their essential fatty acids, that is, their Omega 3 and Omega 6 fatty acids. 

Three tablespoons of hemp seeds (one serving) provide 7.5 grams of Omega-6 fatty acids and 3 grams of Omega-3 as well as 0.6 grams of Super Omega-6 Gamma Linolenic Acid (GLA) and 0.3 g Super Omega-3 Stearidonic Acid (SDA). Along with flax oil and flax seeds, hemp seeds are one of the best vegetarian and vegan sources of Omega-3 and Omega-6 fatty acids. 

Other Nutrients

Along with protein, fiber, and iron, hemp seeds are also a great source of a host of other vital nutrients, including magnesium, thiamin, phosphorus, zinc, copper, manganese and Vitamin E.

Possible health benefits of consuming hemp

The nutritional content of hemp is linked to a number of potential health benefits.

Healthy fats

The American Heart Association recommends consuming two 3.5-ounce servings of fish, especially oily fish, each week. This is because fish is a major source of omega-3 fatty acids. If a person does not regularly consume fish, they may not be getting enough DHA or EPA.

Hemp is a plant-based source of concentrated omega-3 fatty acids. However, the fatty acids that hemp contains are alpha-linolenic acids (ALA), which are poorly converted to DHA and EPA in the body at a rate of only about 2 to 10 percent.

Despite this inefficient conversion rate, hemp is one of the richest sources of ALA, and so still represents a very good source of healthy fat, particularly for those who do not consume fish or eggs.

Hemp contains a specific omega-6 fatty acid called GLA and hemp oil contains an even higher percentage of GLA.

Hemp seeds also contain phytosterols, which help in reducing the amount of cholesterol in the body by removing fat build-up in the arteries.

Protein source

Hemp contains all 10 essential amino acids, making it a good plant-based protein source. Hemp does not contain phytates, which are found in many vegetarian protein sources and can interfere with the absorption of essential minerals.

Magnesium

Magnesium plays an important role in over 300 enzymatic reactions within the body, including the metabolism of food and synthesis of fatty acids and proteins. Magnesium is involved in neuromuscular transmission and activity and muscle relaxation.

Magnesium deficiency — which is especially prevalent in older populations — is linked to insulin resistance, metabolic syndrome, coronary heart disease, and osteoporosis. Nuts and seeds like hemp are some of the best sources of magnesium.

Research suggests that people experiencing premenstrual syndrome (PMS) may be able to alleviate symptoms such as bloating, insomnia, leg swelling, weight gain and breast tenderness by ensuring an adequate intake of magnesium. Magnesium combined with vitamin B6 appears to beTrusted Source most efficacious in these instances.

Nutritional benefits of hemp seeds

These seeds are full of nutritious compounds, including:

1. Protein

Hemp Seeds Nutrition Facts

Hemp seeds contain almost as much protein as soybeans. In every 30 grams (g) of seeds, or about 3 tablespoons, there are 9.46 gTrusted Source of protein.

These seeds are a complete source of protein, meaning that they provide all nineTrusted Source essential amino acids.

Amino acids are the building blocks for all proteins. The body cannot produce nine of these acids, so a person must absorb them through the diet.

Relatively few plant-based foods are complete sources of protein, making hemp seeds a valuable addition to a vegetarian or vegan diet.

Hemp seeds are especially rich in an amino acid called arginine, which has benefits for heart health.

2. Unsaturated fats

The health benefits of polyunsaturated fats, especially omega-3 fatty acids, are becoming increasingly well known.

Hemp seeds are a great source of essential fatty acids, such as alpha-linolenic acid (ALA), which is an omega-3.

The body cannot produce essential fatty acids, and the body must absorb them from the diet. They are crucial for long-term health.

The ratio of omega-3s to omega-6s is also important.

In general, people tend to eat too many omega-6s and too few omega-3s, but adding hemp seeds to the diet may help to promote a balance.

According to results of a 2015 animal study, incorporating hemp seeds and hemp seed oil to hens’ diet led to eggs with increased levels of omega-3s in the yolks and a more healthful omega-3 to omega-6 ratio.

Also, hemp seeds are low in saturated fats and contain no trans fats.

3. Fiber

Much of the fiber in a hemp seed lies in its outer hull, or shell. If possible, purchase hemp seeds with the hulls intact.

However, even without the shells, hemp seeds are a god source pf fiber, with three tablespoons containing approximately 1.2 gTrusted Source of fiber.

Consuming enough fiber every day can:

  • reduce the appetite
  • help with weight management
  • work to stabilize blood sugar levels
  • promote the health of the gut

4. Minerals and vitamins

Hemp seeds contain an impressive array of vitamins and minerals and are especially rich in:

  • vitamin E
  • magnesium
  • phosphorous
  • potassium

They are also a good source of iron, zinc, and B vitamins, including:

  • niacin
  • riboflavin
  • thiamine
  • vitamin B-6
  • folate

Cannabis Drug Testing

Cannabis Drug Testing

Cannabis drug testing describes various drug test methodologies for the use of cannabis in medicine, sport, and law. Cannabis use is highly detectable and can be detected by urinalysis, hair analysis, as well as saliva tests for days or weeks.

Unlike alcohol, for which impairment can be reasonably measured using a breathalyser (and confirmed with a blood alcohol content measurement), valid detection for cannabis is time-consuming, and tests cannot determine an approximate degree of impairment. The lack of suitable tests and agreed-upon intoxication levels is an issue in the legality of cannabis, especially regarding intoxicated driving.

The concentrations obtained from such analyses can often be helpful in distinguishing active use from passive exposure, elapsed time since use, and extent or duration of use. Although between 2000-2020 there had been a recall for 80% of at home drug testing kits. Because of this many companies took action and the industries identified the contents of these products which led them to take efforts of identifying the problem by finding a solution involving the chemical immunoassay. This was the main cause of why drug tests were so unreliable for the time being.

The Duquenois-Levine test is commonly used as a screening test in the field, but it cannot definitively confirm the presence of cannabis, as a large range of substances have been shown to give false positives.

How do marijuana drug tests work?

Cannabis Drug Testing

Cannabis leaves traces of THC in your fat cells that deposit into your bloodstream making those traces detectable by drug tests designed to check your urine, hair, blood, or saliva.

Urine analysis

Nanograms per milliliter, or ng/mL, is the unit of measurement used in drug tests. The most common urine analysis used is set to detect 50ng/mL or higher of THC in your system. What this means is that you need to have at least 50 nanograms of THC per milliliter of urine for the test to come back positive. This method of testing is the easiest to overcome by flushing your system for the day with a detox drink or permanently with a detox kit.

There are two different types of drug tests for urine analysis. Immunoassay, the most common, is the cheaper of the two options and offers results quickly. Like most things that are fast and cheap, there are a few drawbacks to this method of testing; sometimes immunoassay tests will give a false positive.

If your initial test comes back positive, a second type of test is taken to confirm the result. The gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS) test is more expensive and takes more time to get results; however, it is a much more reliable test, rarely giving false positives.

Urine tests can return diluted results which means the test was inconclusive and must be retaken. The test retake usually occurs the next business day which provides additional time to detox. Urine tests can also result in false positives (you are clean but it says you are dirty) and false negatives (you are dirty but it says you are clean) making options for contesting and demanding a re-test potentially valid depending on the drug test.

Hair test

This is another type of test that employs two tests to confirm a positive result. The first test is the enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and the second test is the aforementioned GC/MS.

For most hair drug tests, the first inch and a half of your hair from your scalp down will be analyzed. The average hair on your scalp grows at the rate of half an inch per month. The inch and a half of hair taken for a drug test will thus be able to detect THC use for around 90 days.

Despite the ability to test further back than a urine test, hair tests are not the best choice for identifying recent cannabis use. This is because it can take up to a week for traces of THC to show up in your hair. Additionally, some medications have been known to produce false positives, so be sure to let the tester know if you are on any prescription or over-the-counter drugs.

Blood tests

When it comes to identifying recent cannabis use, blood testing is the best option to identify THC in your system. Within a matter of seconds after smoking, THC is detectable in your blood; which is why certain roadside tests can be blood tests under certain circumstances.

If you only took that one puff with a friend, THC can be detectable in your blood for one to seven days; however, heavy users can expect it to remain in their blood for quite a bit longer, and similar to urine it can be detected in your blood for up to two months after you start to abstain.

Mouth swab tests

Mouth swabs are becoming more popular because they are quick to administer and provide accurate information concerning recent use; however, they are pretty much only reliable for recent use. Because of this, law enforcement has embraced mouth swabs as a way to determine if someone is operating a vehicle under the influence.

What do my test results mean?

Cannabis Drug Testing

Test results may vary depending on your age, gender, health history, the method used for the test, and other things. Your test results may not mean you have a problem. Ask your healthcare provider what your test results mean for you. 

A positive result can mean recent and past marijuana use. The urine marijuana test will be positive if the amount of THC in the sample is more than 50 nanograms per milliliter (ng/mL). If you use marijuana but your test is negative, it could be because your THC levels are below this level. A confirmation test can be done by a more sensitive method if the screening test is positive. Confirmation tests are done to be certain that the original test result is a true result. It is done to make sure the result was not caused by a medicine or other substance affecting the test.

Urine tests can’t show the exact day or hour that marijuana was last used. This is because THC can stay in your system even after you’ve stopped using marijuana. THC can linger on average up to 10 days for a casual user. It stays in your system for 2 to 4 weeks if you use marijuana often, and more than a month if you use it more often.

How long does weed stay in your system?

  • Urine Test: 30-45 days (daily consumer)
  • Blood Test: 45-60 days
  • Hair Test: 90-120 days (daily consumer)
  • Saliva Test: 1-7 days (daily consumer)

What factors determine the time window for THC still being in your body?

  • Body Mass (BMI)
  • Metabolism
  • Levels of THC in your body

The natural timeline for THC leaving your system is different for everyone, as it is dependent on a number of factors that include age, body mass, metabolism, frequency of exposure, duration of exposure, and the potency of the cannabis consumed.

For most people, it can take as long as 4-6 weeks for traces of THC from cannabis to naturally exit your system from the last point you consumed. Unlike other testable substances, THC is fat-soluble which means it gets stored in your fat cells and organs.

Generally speaking, the less frequent you consume and less body fat you have the lesser amount of time it will take you to cleanse. As you may have guessed, the more frequent and concentrated your consumption is and the higher your body fat levels are will have the opposite effect, making it a longer process to getting THC out that often requires detoxing with a hardcore diet plan.

You can find out about Water Soluble CBD here!

Is Weed Legal in Canada?

Is Weed Legal in Canada

Canada is the only country offering legal places to blaze (despite what you think you know, cannabis is pretty much illegal in the Netherlands). And while the Canadian cannabis industry got off to a rough start early on, business was booming: According to Stats Canada, as of July 2019 Canada’s cannabis sector contributed $8.26 billion to the country’s gross domestic product. 

COVID-19 may have put further progress on hold, but cannabis is still alive and well in Canada. And future travelers who still want to have a stylish (and legal) experience once the pandemic is over can travel to Canada and do so with relative ease. Here’s everything you need to know on how best to navigate — and experience — Canada’s extensive cannabis culture.

Government’s Role

A significant consideration for Canadian cannabis companies of all types, as well as investors in those companies, is the role of Canada’s government in the various regulatory measures that govern legalization. In addition to in-person sales at licensed provider (LP) stores, the regulations also allow for online sales. In most provinces, government-run dispensaries facilitate online sales. Additionally, some provinces allow for government dispensaries to regulate the distribution of cannabis products, acting as a middleman between LPs and the consumer.

As to be expected, over time the way that the government has regulated cannabis sales in Canada (and in each separate province) has changed. For example, in 2020, the provincial government of British Columbia amended regulations so that private cannabis stores could sell non-medical cannabis products online for pickup in-store. Previously, customers could reserve products online, but they had to pay in person.

What is legal as of October 17, 2018?

Is Weed Legal in Canada?

Subject to provincial or territorial restrictions, adults who are 18 years of age or older are legally able to:

  • possess up to 30 grams of legal cannabis, dried or equivalent in non-dried form in public
  • share up to 30 grams of legal cannabis with other adults
  • buy dried or fresh cannabis and cannabis oil from a provincially-licensed retailer
    • in provinces and territories without a regulated retail framework, individuals are able to purchase cannabis online from federally-licensed producers
  • grow, from licensed seed or seedlings, up to 4 cannabis plants per residence for personal use
  • make cannabis products, such as food and drinks, at home as long as organic solvents are not used to create concentrated products

As of October 17, 2019, cannabis edible products and concentrates are legal for sale.

Possession limits for cannabis products

The possession limits in the Cannabis Act are based on dried cannabis. Equivalents were developed for other cannabis products to identify what their possession limit would be.

One (1) gram of dried cannabis is equal to:

  • 5 grams of fresh cannabis
  • 15 grams of edible product
  • 70 grams of liquid product
  • 0.25 grams of concentrates (solid or liquid)
  • 1 cannabis plant seed

This means, for example, that an adult 18 years of age or older, can legally possess 150 grams of fresh cannabis.

Where exactly can I buy cannabis in Canada, and how much is it?

Is Weed Legal in Canada?

Each province has its own specific rules on where to purchase cannabis.  In nearly every province (except Nunavut), cannabis is typically sold in a government-run retail shop or a privately run dispensary, or a hybrid of the two. The most important thing to remember is: the only legal way to purchase cannabis is through these stores, and they typically have a seal displayed in the window to indicate they are approved by the Canadian government. For a complete comprehensive shop guide, visit Leafly or BudHub Canada, which break down the products, pricing, vibe and customer service experience at shops.

The purchasing experience can vary province-by-province. Here’s what to expect.

Nova Scotia: The Nova Scotia Liquor Corporation is the only retailer of legal cannabis. You can find all their store locations via their website. Right now, there is an online retail site, but you actually can’t access it until you obtain a special access code in-store and verify your age. The cards are free to obtain, but make it difficult to find out what kind of products are in-store before you arrive. Right now, there are 12 retail locations listed on the Nova Scotia Liquor Corporation website. On average, you’re looking to pay $10.99 per gram for what they’ve listed as “core” or “premium” cannabis

Ontario: As of April 1, 2019, Ontario’s regulated retail market finally opened for business, with all legal cannabis becoming available for purchase via the Ontario government’s e-commerce website, the Ontario Cannabis Store.  But things have changed drastically since that day, with more choices and options. The Alcohol and Gaming Commission of Ontario (AGCO)  lifted its private retail-licensing lottery and opened the floodgates to those who wanted to open a cannabis retail space. Currently, there are 33 cannabis stores authorized to operate in Ontario, with a full map provided here by the AGCO. Retail stores will sell flower, pre-rolls, cannabis oils, vapes, edibles, and capsules. Prices will range from $7.95-$13.25 per gram.

Quebec: Everything in Quebec will be sold in publicly run stores by the government-run Société Québécoise du Cannabis (SQDC). Currently, there are 41 cannabis stores around the province, which sell everything from flower, pre-rolls, cannabis oils, beverages, and capsules. As of press time, the SQDC had a note on their website that they were closed on Sundays, and now delivering via Canada Post. Prices range from $5.25 a gram, with all taxes included.

Alberta: One of the most surprising markets since legalization has been Alberta, with over 400 cannabis store licenses — more than any other Canadian jurisdiction —  and 40 federal cannabis license holders. The Alberta Gaming, Liquor, and Cannabis agency has been praised for granting retail licenses quickly and efficiently, ensuring the consumers can purchase products such as buds, pre-rolls, edibles, cannabis oils, and capsules throughout the province. Prices range from $9.24-$15.42 a gram, depending on the retailer.

British Columbia: Many cannabis activists in Canada started out in British Columbia selling through compassion clinics. Now all legal cannabis can be found in privately owned dispensaries and in BC Cannabis Stores (BCCS) operated by the provincial government agency, the BC Liquor Distribution Branch. Right now, there are multiple locations listed via the website, and visitors can order via the e-commerce site. In each of the retail stores, there will be buds, pre-rolls, cannabis oils, and capsules. You may find accessories in some stores, like rolling papers, lighters, pipes, or bongs. Prices range on their website from $6.99-$16.28 per gram.

Statistics Canada has been collecting information on the average cost of cannabis across the country, and on average the average price of cannabis is $7.37 per gram.

The Bottom Line

The legal cannabis industry in Canada has shown tremendous promise. The past few years have seen huge growth for marijuana companies across the country. In some cases, investors should be wary of the hype, and caution may be the best approach. However, just like any other company, cannabis companies publish their financial results. Beyond the hype, this is where the real proof of their success can be found. And in the past several years, many of the early kinks of the industry have been worked out.

Does Marijuana Make You Lazy?

Does Marijuana Make You Lazy

Even as the body of evidence of cannabis’ potential as a potent medical precursor grows (especially with the development of CBD-rich strains), smoking it is not without long-term side effects. And we’re not just talking about munchie-induced weight gain either. A number of recently published studies suggest habitually getting high not only kills your motivation, it might even alter your brain chemistry. Specifically, the part that makes you want to get off the couch.

For all of its benefits, the mounting evidence suggests that THC’s effects on your dopamine levels might not just make you lazy. It could cause some more serious medical issues as well. So what exactly is going on here?

The question of whether long-term cannabis use makes people demotivated, even when they’re not high, is a more difficult one to answer. We cannot carry out randomised controlled trials in which some people are given cannabis for ten years while another group receive placebo for ten years. That would, of course, be unethical. Therefore, we have to rely on observational studies, where we look at associations between natural cannabis consumption and motivation levels. Some previous research has failed to find a link between cannabis use and altered motivation, although in one study earlier cannabis consumption predicted later anhedonia (difficulty experiencing pleasure).

In our observational study (that is, one that does not have an experimental manipulation), we compared 20 people who were addicted to cannabis against a control group of 20 people who were not addicted to cannabis. The control group used other drugs, including MDMA and cocaine, a similar amount to the cannabis group. These participants completed the same motivation task as in the previous study after they had been clean of all drugs (apart from tobacco and caffeine) for at least 12 hours. We found no difference between the groups in their willingness to work for money. This suggests that long-term cannabis use may not reduce motivation after 12 hours of abstinence from the drug.

However, there are some important limitations with this study. Firstly, the sample sizes were small. Secondly, the study was cross-sectional, so we only investigated the participants at one point in time. An improved study would have used a longitudinal design, in which people’s motivation and cannabis use are measured at different time points as they grow up. This would have allowed for a better understanding of how cannabis consumption affects future motivation. Longitudinal research is needed to draw stronger conclusions.

What do our results mean to the average cannabis user? After years of being told that getting high makes you lazier, we’ve provided some of the first solid evidence that it’s true. Importantly though, it doesn’t eradicate your motivation altogether – it makes you slightly, yet significantly, more apathetic. On the bright side, your long-term cannabis use may not erode your drive like some people claim, so long as you can put your joint down for a while.

Вoes smoking weed make you lazy?

Does Marijuana Make You Lazy?

Let’s face it. There exists a stereotype about people who smoke marijuana. They’re potato chip-eating couch dwellers who would rather veg out than create art, work hard, or exercise. But try telling that to Oprah Winfrey, Steve Jobs, or President Obama! Many studies have shown the opposite is true, including one recently published in the journal Frontiers in Public Health  that debunks the “stoner” myth by proving marijuana increases the motivation to exercise !

The weed’s not making you lazy, you just want to be lazy.

If the weed is top shelf because it won a cannabis cup award, and that award is “Best Indica” then I believe you, it did knock you on your ass. That is what it does. Indica is generally recommended for pain management and is recommended for insomnia. Why? It is a more nighttime weed. In a future, and much longer, blog post, I will be outlining some new research that discusses the various terpenes, and how they are potentially responsible for some of these effects, as well as flavors, but for now, I will leave it to a much simpler explanation. There are two main “types” of weed, and Indica is like “nighttime.”
The weed, Indica or otherwise, is not making you lazy.
You are making a conscious choice to be lazy, and you happen to be smoking weed while you do it.
Indica, or “in da couch” may be recommended for sleep aid and pain relief, and yes, even the most veteran stoner has been locked into place and slept for hours from a good strong Indica, but, none of us were made lazy from the Indica. The Indica merely did its job.
If you had plans and you ingested the Indica, you did not do yours.
The simple truth is twofold. Indica can make you a bit more sedentary then you had planned, but it isn’t going to make you a fundamentally lazy person. It isn’t going to stop you from taking care of your obligations, it isn’t going to stop you from being a productive member of society. (I love that song too, it’s even on a Spotify playlist, but sorry Afroman, the weed isn’t to blame for your room, your girl, your bills, your anything. Weed is awesome.)

And two. While yes, Indica CAN make you a bit more stationary, why would you smoke it if you knew you had to do something? That is, you, setting yourself up to fail, and then blaming weed.
Well, no, thank you, again, weed did it’s job, you failed to do your job. If you know that the only weed you have makes you too drowsy to function, don’t spark up.
If you only ever smoke Indica? Maybe try Sativa. I smoke it, and then I write, I work out, I clean, I work, I drive my sober friends crazy with how productive I am.
The thing is, for me, weed helps me be productive, because it is medicine, and for others, it is too.
Pain pills also make people drowsy, but we are hardly maintaining draconian bans on those, are we?
A medication can have side effects, and those side effects can vary from patient to patient. Those side effects can also be, ahem, misdiagnosed when you are living in a state where marijuana is not legally recreationally or medically, leading to you getting your medicine from less…orthodox, suppliers. (Dealers can’t always know if the weed is actually Indica/Sativa/etc most of the time, making medicating in illegal states tricky) These illegalities are not helped with people going around claiming “all weed makes them too lazy to function”.

Sativas and Indicas: Why Strains Matter

Does Marijuana Make You Lazy?

Medical marijuana doctors recommend their patients use strains of Cannabis Sativa, Cannabis Indica, or a hybrid of each marijuana plant depending on the condition being treated. There are some differences to these two types of marijuana. Sativa plants are usually tall and skinny, while Indica plants are short and stocky. Also, Sativas act as an “upper” in terms of energy and mood, while Indicas help with sleep and relaxation [8]. However, due to underground crossbreeding, almost all strains are a hybrid form of the two types. As such, marijuana strains are better described as being Indica-Dominant or Sativa-Dominant.

Choosing the right strain is a highly important factor to treatment, because while some strains may induce the ability to sit on the couch and relax, others provide the right motivation and energy for the task at hand. There is not a one-size-fits-all approach to choosing the right strain. What works well for one person might be the opposite for another, but generally speaking, a Sativa-Dominant strain is best suited for those who wish to combine their use of marijuana with exercise.

What are weed Moon Rocks

What are weed Moon Rocks

What are Moon Rocks?

The origins of Moon Rocks are a bit fuzzy, but rumors abound that the dispensary Starbudz760 first concocted them, with legendary West Coast rapper Kurupt popularizing the product and trademarking his own version called Kurupt Moonrock.

Moon Rocks are a THC megazord—they’re essentially cannabis buds (historically GSC, but any strain suffices) dipped in or sprayed with hash oil, then rolled in kief.

Marijuana moon rocks are basically the “champagne” of the pot world. Some people even call them cannabis caviar.

They’re made up of different pot products that are all rolled into one very potent nug and smoked.

They became a thing when West Coast rapper Kurupt brought it to people’s attention and eventually trademarked his own brand of moon rocks.

As for the name, they do look like moon rocks. But their ability to send even the most seasoned cannabis consumer flying extra high might have something to do with it, too.

What are weed Moon Rocks

How are they made?

Moon rocks are made by taking a nugget of marijuana and dipping it in or spraying it with concentrate, or hash oil.

They’re usually made with Girl Scout Cookies (the weed strain, not Thin Mints) flower and concentrate, but can be made with any strain.

The coated nugget is then rolled in kief. Kief, also called pollen or dry sift, is the sticky crystals that cover the cannabis flower. This crystal residue contains terpenes and cannabinoids.

How strong are they?

It varies from batch to batch. The potency depends on how it’s made, who’s making it, and the ingredients used.

Moon rocks typically hover around 50 percent THC, according to Leafly. To help put that into perspective, popular strains found in dispensaries typically range from 17 to 28 percentTrusted Source THC.

How are they consumed?

You can smoke moon rocks like you would any other nug, by breaking it up into a joint, bowl, vape, or pipe. Keeping it lit isn’t easy, and it’s also super dense and greasy, so glassware like a bong or pipe is the preferred way.

What are the effects?

Moon rocks are potent. People who’ve indulged describe big, full, fragrant smoke clouds and a rich and pleasant taste of kief.

THC is the primary psychoactive ingredient in cannabis and mainly responsible for producing the “high.” Given that moon rocks contain considerably higher levels of THC, the effects are more pronounced than what you experience from run-of-the-mill cannabis products.

The severity of the effects depend on a few things, including the strain used and your tolerance. Someone who’s not used to high THC cannabis tends to have more intense effects. Using large amounts also increases the intensity of the effects.

Here are some of the common effects of moon rocks:

  • dizziness
  • increased heart rate
  • anxiety
  • paranoia
  • sleepiness
  • headaches
  • dry mouth
  • impaired memory
  • dry, red eyes
  • cough or other respiratory issues
  • extreme hunger, aka the munchies

Pros and cons of smoking Moon Rocks

Pros:

  • They will get you super duper high.
  • Cost effective—just like dabs, a little bit goes a long way.
  • Great for medical patients or other folks who want a high dose of THC.
  • They’re a fun novelty and good conversation-starter.

Cons:

  • They will get you super duper high (not always a good thing for everyone).
  • They’re messy—most put them in glass; you can roll them in a joint or blunt, but don’t put them in a grinder.
  • Keep them in a cool, dry place; you don’t want them getting all melty on you.

How to make your own Moon Rocks

What You’ll Need To Make Moon Rocks:

  • Fresh Whole Nugs
  • Concentrate
  • Kief
  • Butter Knife
  • Silicone Gloves or Tongs

Start by grabbing a fresh whole nug that isn’t dry and won’t easily fall apart. Have your kief in a jar set aside for the end.

Next, you’ll want to put a good amount of your favorite concentrate on the butter knife. If it is a consistency that won’t easily stick to buds like shatter or crumble, you’ll have to apply heat to loosen things up.

Run a lighter back and forth on the underside of the knife with the concentrates on top. Don’t apply enough heat to cause vaporization. If you smell anything burning, pull the lighter away.

Once the oil is melted, use silicone gloves or tongs to grab the nugs. Then spread the oil on the nugs until they’re coated all around.

Finally, take an oil-soaked bud and dunk it in the jar of kief until they’re powdered all around. If you can hardly see what your bud and oil look like anymore, you can move onto the next nug until they’re all done.

How To Smoke Moon Rocks

What are weed Moon Rocks

Now that you know how to make a moon rock, it’s time to learn how to smoke one. Like we warned earlier, they’re one of the most potent forms of cannabis you can smoke. As a result, you’ll want to be a cannabis veteran or prepared for a really intense high.

Breaking It Down

Before getting started, be sure to stay hydrated and make sure you’ve got food in your stomach. Finally, be sure to smoke somewhere you can sit and chill free of judgment and responsibilities. If you happen to get too high, just remember nobody has ever died from it and you should just sleep it off.

When it comes to the actual act of smoking, you can’t treat a moon rock like you would with flowers. Do not use a grinder. Putting it through a grinder is bound to lead to stickiness to the point where it can’t be turned. Not to mention, you’ll be losing a bunch of the kief and oil on your nugs to the teeth of the grinder. Tear each moon rock into smaller, easier to smoke pieces before smoking.

Grinders aren’t the only essential part of a cannabis smokers kit that you’re better off not using. Rolling papers can also be a disaster because all of the oil and kief make it hard to light. Furthermore, the oils can combine with resins to block airflow in the joint or blunt. If the joint is hardly pulling, you’ll be forced to watch all your kief, oil and flowers burn away without being properly enjoyed.

Keeping It Lit

If you are a strict joint or blunt smoker, you can use moon rocks to enhance the experience. Mix some moonrock into any ground up weed to help make it smoke to the end.

For a simpler way to enjoy moon rocks without interruption, we recommend smoking them in glass like a bowl or bong with a lighter. Once you have the moonrock shredded into smaller pieces, you can load them into a bowl piece. If you’ve never tried a moonrock, prepare yourself for the strongest bong rip or bowl hit of your life.

Moon Rocks Everything

Moon rocks provide a creative way to enjoy all the different products that come from cannabis at once. Best of all, you don’t have to remove the classic element of smoking like you do with dabbing. Sharing a moon rock joint or bowl is a great way to make sure everyone gets high. Even if they have a high tolerance. If you smoke the same way every day and you’ve been longing for something similar to your first time, elevate your life by trying moon rocks. And if you want to try something totally different, like night and day different, here are sun rocks.

Tips for how to smoke Moon Rocks

Moon Rocks are recommended for advanced cannabis consumers as they pack a powerful punch. Here’s some advice on how to prepare for your Moon Rocks experience.

Use glassware

Whether it’s a bong or pipe, use some glassware for Moon Rocks because it’s not your typical flower. It’s thick and greasy and will have to be ripped apart piece by piece like you’re trying to split a Nerd’s Rope with someone.

If you plan to roll it up by itself, think again; not only will you not have enough Moon Rocks to do so (unless you buy, like, 18 grams of it), you won’t be able to keep it lit how a normal blunt/joint would stay lit.

You can find out about Marijuana Legal in Texas here!

And about Water Soluble CBD here!

Is Marijuana Legal in Texas?

Is Marijuana Legal in Texas

Marijuana is not legal in Texas. Recreational use is prohibited. Narrow medical exceptions apply to low-THC/high-CBD product use and possession by qualified, severely ill patients.

The penalties for marijuana in Texas are very steep. Personal possession of under 2 oz of raw marijuana flower can result in a misdemeanor conviction, up to 180 days in jail, and a $2,000 fine. Possession of 4 oz results in a mandatory minimum 180 days in jail.

Cultivation penalties are based on the plant’s entire weight—which can mean mandatory jail time for a single plant.

You can get a $500 fine just for a pipe.

You can get a minimum 180 days in jail for having a THC vaporizer cartridge from California.  If you make or sell any concentrated cannabis, even just bubble hash, it’s a felony minimum 180 days in jail. Making a measly four grams or more of hash triggers a minimum five-year prison sentence.

Sentence enhancements kick in for involving anyone under age 18, or being near a school. And any drug offense triggers a driver’s license suspension.

Don’t mess around in Texas, which had 64,949 marijuana arrests in 2016.

Texas does have a limited medical cannabis card program that allows low-THC/high-CBD for qualifying patients.

Is Marijuana Legal in Texas?

Texas recreational and medical marijuana legalization efforts

Texas recreational and medical legalization efforts are slow going. Changing the law requires an act of the legislature, which only meets every two years for 140 days. Texas has no ballot initiative process like California. There’s currently no active legalization bill to support, and the last policy reform bill did not pass.

Several Texas senators and house representatives are up for re-election in the fall of 2020. Both pro and anti-cannabis candidates are either up for re-election, or challenging incumbents. More pro-cannabis representatives could advance reforms. This demonstrates the importance of voting in local races. Texas residents can register to vote here. 

In 2019, a decriminalization bill overwhelmingly passed the House but died in the Senate. 

Support for medical is high and recreational is growing. Some 73% of Texans in a 2019 Emerson poll supported at least medical cannabis legalization; 38% supported adult-use. Just 14% supported ongoing prohibition. Even 62% of Republicans in a Texas Tribune poll support reducing punishments for pot possession.

Local decriminalization in Texas

A number of Texas cities have enacted cannabis decriminalization policies. However, Texas drug laws emanate from the state, not local, law. In response, the city of Austin formally defunded pot arrests by its local police department in July 2020. A number of large cities have cite and release policies, or drug diversion, for first-time personal possession.

Texas cannabis DUI laws

Like everywhere else, it’s illegal to drive while under the influence. Cannabis is a controlled substance in Texas, and you can’t drive intoxicated on a controlled substance. “Intoxicated” is defined as “not having the normal use of mental or physical faculties by reason of the introduction of … a controlled substance.”

In Texas, it is implied that the driver shall consent to a chemical test of their breath, blood, or urine for the purpose of determining the presence of drugs and/or alcohol. However, an individual suspected of being under the influence of cannabis has the right to refuse to submit to a chemical test, and no penalties or sanctions apply for refusing to submit to chemical testing for drugs. But refusing testing can be used against you in court.

The penalties are severe for intoxicated driving on any substance, starting at a minimum six days in jail if you don’t hurt anyone. If you hit and kill a cop while drunk, you’re doing at least five years in prison and a maximum $100,000 fine.

A second DUI triggers an automatic 30-day jail sentence, and a third puts you away for a minimum of two years. 

Medical Marijuana Laws in Texas

Despite some legislative support in the last session, no comprehensive medical marijuana policy has been enacted in the state. On June 1, 2015, Texas did pass a low THC cannabis oil bill. Qualified patients are required to first get prescriptions from two certified specialists, at which point they will be legally allowed to use cannabis oil with at most 0.5% THC.

While the low THC medical cannabis law has been put into effect, many are skeptical that the system cannot be successfully implemented as written. Because doctors are required to “prescribe” rather than “recommend” or “certify” patients, very few physicians are willing to do so because prescribing a Schedule I substance puts their DEA license to prescribe controlled substances at risk.

Initially, Texas’ medical marijuana law applied only to the treatment of intractable epilepsy. In June 2019, Gov. Greg Abbot signed into law House Bill 3703 to expand the program to more conditions.

Qualifying conditions for medical marijuana under Texas’ medical marijuana now include:

  • Alzheimer’s Disease
  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS)
  • Autism
  • Huntington’s Disease
  • Intractable Epilepsy and Seizure Disorders
  • Multiple Sclerosis (MS)
  • Parkinson’s Disease
  • Spasticity
  • Terminal Cancer

CBD (cannabidiol) from Hemp Oil in Texas

Hemp-derived CBD products are legal under Federal Law in the United States; however, individual state laws are dynamic and fluid. Individual states may enact their own laws governing hemp-derived CBD.

Cultivation of Cannabis in Texas

The cultivation of marijuana for personal or medical use is illegal in Texas. In June 2019, however, Texas Gov. Greg Abbot (R) signed House Bill 1325 to legalize the commercial production of hemp and hemp-derived CBD oil as long as they contain no more than 0.3% of tetrahydrocannabinol. The new law was in response to the passage of the 2018 Farm Bill, which legalizes hemp at the federal level and allows states to pass policies permitting hemp production. The Texas Department of Agriculture will soon submit the rules and guidelines for hemp production in the state to the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), and it is expected that hemp production will start in Texas during the 2020 crop year.

Legal Status of Other U.S. States

Stay up to date on the latest state legislation, referendums, and public opinion polls. Our Marijuana Legalization Map allows you to browse the current status of medical and recreational marijuana laws in other U.S. states and territories.

Common questions about marijuana legalization in Texas

People have questions about edibles, CBD, hemp, and medical cards in Texas—here are the details.

Are edibles legal in Texas?

No. Edibles, like pot brownies, are very much not legal and come with severe jail time based on the weight of the plate of brownies, not the weight of the THC inside. This could result in prison time for a first offense.

Is Texas a legal recreational state?

Is Marijuana Legal in Texas?

No, Texas is not a recreational weed state. It’s an extreme prohibition state.

Is CBD legal in Texas?

Yes, CBD is legal in Texas if it has under 0.3% THC. State lawmakers followed federal hemp legalization laws, and Texas has begun licensing hemp farms and manufacturers under House Bill 1325. CBD products from the national market are widely available, but loosely regulated.

Is smokable hemp allowed in Texas?

No, smokable hemp is prohibited in Texas under a 2020 rule.

Can you get a medical marijuana card in Texas?

Yes. The severely ill may apply for a medical card for low-THC products (less than 0.5% THC) through the Texas Compassionate Use Program. The program is very limited.

Water Soluble CBD

Water Soluble CBD

What is Water Soluble CBD?

Cannabidiol (CBD for short) is a well-known cannabinoid found within cannabis plants that is widely used as a wellness supplement in oil form.

Water soluble CBD is an up-and-coming product that exists primarily to simplify the process of adding CBD oil to beverages since it mixes easily with liquids. Traditional CBD oil tinctures don’t blend as well into liquid drinks because the oil is less dense than water and separates easily. However, water soluble CBD oil may also provide other advantages through its potential enhancement of bioavailability.

In order to make water soluble CBD oil, the Cannabidiol molecules must be transformed into “nanoparticles.” These tiny CBD particles are “nano-emulsified” and might be easier for the body to absorb due to their smaller size. This is a common process that has been used in pharmaceutical medicine for years, and the technology may prove to be beneficial in the CBD industry as well.

However, water soluble CBD can be harder to come by since it involves a more intense production process in order to create these nanoparticles of CBD.

Water Soluble CBD

How We Picked the Best Water Soluble CBD

When we evaluate CBD brands and products, we compare them on six primary categories to determine which ones to recommend.

  • Value — how much does it cost?
  • Strength — how much CBD does it include, and what type of CBD is it?
  • Source — where does the company get their hemp and how do they extract their CBD?
  • Flavor — does it come in any flavors and do they flavor them naturally?
  • Transparency — can you access ] third-party lab test results and information about each batch of CBD?
  • Customer experience — what do customer reviews say about the product and purchasing experience?

These categories helped us choose our favorite water soluble CBD products. Find out more about each of them below.

You can find out about What Is CBG and How Is It Different from CBD here!

Why should I use water soluble CBD? What are the benefits of water soluble CBD?

Water soluble CBD is made using nanotechnology, which makes the CBD particles smaller for easier absorption and better bioavailability. This smaller particle size allows the oil to dissolve in water and to enter the body quicker, allowing the effects of CBD to occur much quicker than non-water soluble CBD. Our water soluble CBD uses our proprietary process to bring you the highest quality nano CBD oil for the best price.

What are the benefits of water-soluble CBD? CBD is known for its wide variety of health-supporting effects, including relief from everyday stress, occasional anxiety, relief from discomfort, relaxation, and more, which is why we focus on bringing the benefits of CBD to you. 

Water soluble CBD also allows the user to customize their intake by giving the user full control over the measurements and allowing for compatibility with a variety of consumption preferences. Water soluble oil can increase consumer convenience as the CBD can easily be added to any drink without needing prior knowledge on how to best use the product.

What is CBD? How is CBD different from THC?

CBD and THC are major cannabinoids that come from the same plant, Cannabis Sativa, but show up in different amounts depending on the strain of cannabis. Hemp strains contain a higher amount of CBD and a low amount of THC. In fact, hemp plants must contain only 0.3% THC to remain legal. On the other hand, marijuanna strains contain a higher amount of THC as compared to CBD.

CBD is known for its wide variety of health-supporting effects, while THC is known for causing the psychoactive effects experienced by cannabis users. Unlike THC, CBD does not cause psychoactive effects, and so absolutely will not get a CBD user high. Our products comply with nationwide legal standards and are third-party tested to ensure they contain less than 0.3% THC.

How is Water Soluble CBD oil different from ‘regular’ CBD oil?

CBD can be taken in many forms. ‘Regular’ CBD oil is typically taken as a tincture, placed and held under the tongue. When viewed under a microscope, this CBD oil is actually made up of globules (or unscientifically, ‘globs’) of oil, in which the CBD molecules are locked up.

For your body to use ‘regular’ CBD, your digestive system must break up the oil, unlocking the CBD found inside. For your body to use water soluble CBD, there is no additional work. To make your CBD water soluble, the CBD must go through a proprietary nanotechnology process, which breaks apart those tiny globs of oil for you before it is bottled. Because the oil has been broken apart, water soluble CBD has taken on a new ‘form’ of sorts and can be added to any drink, going to work in seconds instead of minutes. 

An easy way to compare the two is to drop them into water; ‘regular’ CBD oil floats on the surface, while Water Soluble CBD oil disperses like a cloud. That beautiful cloud pattern is a good analogy for what happens when you drink Water Soluble CBD oil. Rather than going through digestion, the oil disperses through your body immediately. If you’re not sure what form of CBD is best for you, check out our Buyers Guide to learn more about choosing between the different types of CBD.

What is Nano CBD?

The word ‘nano’ is a scientific measurement that means ‘one billionth.’ After shattering apart hemp oil using proprietary nanotechnology, each particle of oil measures about 55-85 nanometers, or billionths of a meter! Nano CBD refers to the CBD molecules which are encapsulated in these tiny globs of hemp oil.

To be precise, the actual measurements of the CBD inside the oil don’t change; after all, a CBD molecule is the size of a CBD molecule, period. It’s the globs of hemp oil–containing the CBD–that are broken up into the tiny particles, enabling the CBD to rapidly work its way through your body.

How long does water soluble CBD take to work? What about Nano CBD? Regular CBD?

Because ‘regular’ CBD is locked up in hemp oil, the body has to digest the oil before accessing the CBD inside. This results in the commonly reported 30-minute to 90-minute wait for the effects of CBD to kick in. 

In addition, the digestive process can be destructive to the CBD, resulting in only a fraction of the CBD being used by the body. Because of the proprietary nanotechnology process that shrinks the particle size of the hemp oil globs containing CBD, the effects of water soluble CBD can be felt in just moments, not hours. Plus, because the smaller particle size of water soluble CBD avoids the digestive process completely, almost all of the water soluble CBD consumed is available for the body to use, immediately. Each of these factors results in the much more powerful effects of water soluble, or nano, CBD compared to ‘regular’ CBD.

What does taking Water Soluble Nano CBD feel like?

Just as with ‘regular’ CBD, water soluble nano CBD doesn’t cause a psychoactive ‘high.’ Instead, just as with ‘regular’ CBD, nano CBD helps you return to a feeling of normalcy or balance. The difference is in how efficiently water soluble CBD goes to work. 

When using ‘regular’ CBD products, there’s often a 30-minute wait (or longer) for the effects of CBD to set in. This is due to the body’s need to break down the hemp oil containing the CBD. Because water soluble nano CBD oil has been broken apart through proprietary nanotechnology, the effects of CBD go to work faster, with almost no wait time. 

For those experiencing everyday stress or discomfort, water soluble CBD can feel like a weight is lifted off their shoulders in a matter of moments or provide rapid relief and relaxation. The effects of  water soluble CBD will vary from person to person. But, because using CBD helps the body return to its natural state of homeostasis, or balance, using water soluble CBD should feel like a rapid return to normalcy.

What is Full Spectrum Hemp Oil?

CBD isn’t the only cannabinoid found in hemp oil thatworks to balance your body. Small amounts of THC (tetrahydrocannabinol), CBC (cannabichromene), CBG (cannabigerol), THCV (tetrahydrocannabivarin), CBDV (cannabidivarin), CBDA (cannabidiolic acid), THCA (tetrahydrocannabinolic acid), CBGA (cannabigerolic acid), and many more cannabinoids, all work together to create the ‘Entourage Effect’ and produce the beneficial effects of hemp oil. When all of these cannabinoids, terpenes and flavonoids are found together in hemp oil, it is called Full Spectrum Hemp Oil. And full spectrum hemp oil provides benefits greater than the sum of the individual forms.

What does Water Soluble CBD oil taste like? Will it affect my drink?

Just like how the proprietary nanotechnology process increases the potency of the CBD in hemp oil, it also increases the intensity of the flavor of hemp. Nano or water soluble CBD oil has a very earthy, bitter taste that many consumers find agreeable, but others find off-putting. For this reason, we offer flavored variants of our Water Soluble products, including Cherry Limeade, Grape, Pina Colada, and Lemon. Whether you prefer unflavored nano CBD oil or with the addition of flavor, nano CBD oil goes perfectly with water, coffee, tea, juice, or whichever drink you prefer.

How much Water Soluble Nano CBD should I take?

The amount of nano or water soluble CBD the body needs for balance varies from person to person. Because of the reduced particle size of the hemp oil that contains nano CBD, less nano CBD is needed to produce the same effects as ‘regular’ CBD. 

An easy way to understand the equivalent serving size is to divide your typical intake of ‘regular’ CBD by 10. So if you normally use 50 mg of CBD, that’s about equal to 5 mg of water soluble nano CBD. Another important point to note is that by taking nano CBD regularly, there’s a cumulative effect as CBD builds up in the body. For this reason, we advise our customers to start “slow and low” when beginning to use water soluble nano CBD. It can be surprising how effective just a small serving size is!

We recommend starting with two daily servings of a half dropperful of our Water Soluble 300, delivering 5 mg of fast-acting nano CBD per serving. After a week, if you still feel out of balance, move up to a full dropperful at each serving. As a ceiling, we recommend not taking more than 60 mg (six whole dropperfuls of Water Soluble 300) of nano CBD per day—unless under the supervision of a physician.

The 5 best water soluble CBD products and drinks

Water Soluble CBD

Liweli CBD Powder

For another easy-to-blend CBD drink mix, Liweli offers higher dosing options. This no-nonsense brand makes water soluble powders that contain 25 milligrams of CBD in each packet. Plus, they come in tasty lemon and berry flavors, so you can actually enjoy drinking your CBD.

Liweli is vertically integrated from farmer to pack. Also, all products come with a happiness guarantee, so you can try these CBD drinks risk free.

HOLISTIK CBD Powder

Another great water soluble powder, STIKs from HOLISTIK Wellness can be easily stirred into any beverage and taste great. Featured here is the HOLISTIK stress blend, which includes 10 milligrams of broad-spectrum CBD, as well as lemon balm to promote a calm mind. HOLISTIK grows its broad spectrum CBD in a greenhouse, never facing the dangers of toxins in soil or pollutants in the air, plus each STICK is fully trackable. The brand also offers a sleep, recover, beauty, and digest formula to address other common issues.

CBDistillery Water Soluble Powder

CBD powders aren’t quite as widely used as oils, but this one from CBDistillery is worth trying. Sourced from non-GMO, American-grown industrial hemp, this water soluble powder includes pure CBD and no other active ingredients. It’s a great powder option for anyone seeking an easy way to dissolve CBD into their drink. And since CBDistillery uses third-party lab testing on its products, you can trust that the CBD is safe and effective. 

Big Sky Botanicals Hydro Tincture

Looking for a CBD oil that can be mixed into the  food or beverage of your choice? The hydro tincture from Big Sky is a perfect marriage of convenience and effectiveness. This broad-spectrum CBD offers all of the cannabis benefits you crave, minus any THC. Made from organic American hemp, Big Sky products are rigorously tested to ensure high standards of quality. This product is available in three concentrations: 250, 750, and 1,500 milligrams of CBD per bottle.

Prima Rest Easy CBD Powder

If you prefer a drink mixture, another solid option hails from Prima. This company offers three water soluble CBD drink blends—one to help you “rest easy,” one for “brain fuel,” and an “instant zen” formula to promote calm. Each powder packet contains 15 milligrams of broad-spectrum CBD, plus other common plant extracts, like chamomile, to help your body in a natural way. You can purchase the blends separately or opt for the Trifecta bundle to try them all at a lower cost.

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What Is CBG and How Is It Different from CBD?

What Is CBG

By now everyone and their grandmother (especially their grandmother, TBH) is well aware of CBD and its purported-borderline miraculous-healing properties. And while the research is slowly validating these claims, anecdotes of CBD’s power have been pouring out en masse. Your neighbor’s dog no longer has arthritis and your best friend’s insomnia and anxiety are suddenly quelled.

But in the corner comes a dark horse: CBG. That’s right, there’s another cannabis compound on the block, and it’s high time you got to know it. We know, it’s a lot to take in, so let’s break it down.

Phytocannabinoids 101

The cannabis plant, like all plants, is made up of several chemical compounds. Within cannabis specifically, these compounds are called cannabinoids. (There are also terpenes, flavonoids, and more, but for the purpose of today’s lesson, let’s focus on cannabinoids). The human body actually has an endocannabinoid system designed to receive these compounds and use them to achieve a healthy equilibrium.

Historically, most people have been familiar with the cannabinoid THC: The compound notoriously known for creating a euphoric intoxication. (Read: It gets you high.) Despite the fact that THC has profound healing powers similar to CBD, it remains stigmatized as the “bad” part of cannabis. That said, of the 120+ cannabinoids present in the cannabis plant, THC is the only compound with the ability to intoxicate.

So, What Is CBG?

CBG stands for cannabigerol and is currently being studied for its potential pharmacological properties but hasn’t been in any clinical trials (yet!). The plant itself is thousands of years old, and one study dates back to the 60s-but common knowledge of it is still new.

So far, in-vitro and rat studies have shown some indications that CBG may help with colitis, neurodegeneration, and cancer.

“We don’t know much about CBG,” says Perry Solomon, M.D., a board-certified anesthesiologist and medical cannabis expert. “It’s not a common cannabinoid,” he explained, noting that it’s not found in large quantities within the cannabis plant, “and you have to get enough to be able to test it and study it.” Due to nearly a century of cannabis prohibition and scarcity of this novel phytocannabinoid, many of the claims about its efficacy are yet to be proven-but that doesn’t mean it’s not important.

“CBG is the precursor to CBD, CBC, and THC,” says Dr. Solomon. It’s sometimes referred to as the stem cell. What does this mean? “CBGA (the acidic, inactive form of CBG) changes, is broken down, and becomes the base molecule that other cannabinoids form from,” including THC, CBD, and CBC.

What Is CBG and How Is It Different from CBD?

Effects and Benefits

Research has shown that CBG is effective in the treatment of a variety of symptoms and conditions. Examples of conditions for which CBG is particularly effective in providing symptom relief are listed below:

  • Glaucoma
  • Cancer
  • Crohn’s disease
  • Irritable bowel syndrome

What are the potential benefits of CBG?

There have been some early studies suggesting CBG might be successful as a potential antibiotic against MRSA, as well as for pain and inflammation reduction and even in slowing the growth of cancer cells, Dr. Torradas notes. Its effects, however, have not yet been studied in adults, so it’s important to take this research with a grain of salt.

However, preliminary animal and pre-clinical research has suggested that CBG may be helpful in treating the following conditions:

  • Inflammatory bowel disease such as Crohn’s disease or ulcerative colitis
  • Movement disorders like multiple sclerosis, Parkinson’s disease, and Huntington’s disease
  • Anxiety disorders

There have been some early studies suggesting CBG might be successful as a potential antibiotic against MRSA, as well as for pain and inflammation reduction and even in slowing the growth of cancer cells, Dr. Torradas notes. Its effects, however, have not yet been studied in adults, so it’s important to take this research with a grain of salt.

However, preliminary animal and pre-clinical research has suggested that CBG may be helpful in treating the following conditions:

  • Inflammatory bowel disease such as Crohn’s disease or ulcerative colitis
  • Movement disorders like multiple sclerosis, Parkinson’s disease, and Huntington’s disease
  • Anxiety disorders

“CBG [research] is in the early stages,” says Dr. Torradas. “More robust research and data is needed and lowering the cost of extraction would help unlock the keys to CBG’s future adoption if these early indications are true,” says Dr. Torradas.

You will likely see CBG listed as an ingredient in some oils and tinctures on the market, but keep in mind that there’s a major lack of regulation of CBD and CBG products in general, so it’s kind of impossible to know what you’re really getting in any product of this kind. Because there is very limited research, it’s also tough to determine how a CBG product would interact with various medications, as well as what side effects it may cause.

What Is CBG and How Is It Different from CBD?

CBG is *not* the same thing as CBD then?

Not exactly—CBG is essentially the “parent” cannabinoid, meaning that every other cannabinoid starts out as CBG and then eventually converts to other cannabinoids like THC or CBD, Riggle explains.

“In terms of how well it connects to CB1 and CB2 receptors, CBG seems to be much more effective and direct than CBD,” says Dr. Torradas. “Similarly to CBD, CBG does not have psychoactive effects (meaning it won’t get you high).”

What’s the Difference Between CBD and CBG?

As mentioned, CBG helps make CBD, so while they’re both cannabinoids, they’re different compounds within the cannabis plant. Additionally, they serve different purposes and may help treat different ailments, despite some potential pharmacological overlap. (Related: How to Buy Safe and Effective CBD Products)

Both CBG and CBD are currently considered non-psychotropic, meaning they won’t alter your state of mind in a way that would inhibit your day-to-day function and mental clarity. They can, however, alter your mind in a way that could potentially relieve anxiety and depression. So perhaps a better description of this would be “non-intoxicating”-it won’t get you high in the way THC can.

Another important note: Like CBD, CBG may counteract the intoxicating effects of THC, says Dr. Solomon. “Studies of CBG seem to show that it activates the CB1 receptor just as CBD does, which essentially decreases psycho-activation,” he says.

This means if you consume cannabis that has a high concentration of CBD and CBG, or consume an isolate of CBG in addition to consuming (read: smoking or eating) cannabis, you could potentially counterbalance the “high” or intoxication. There is CBG naturally found in the cannabis you’re already consuming, but likely not in a large enough quantity to make any difference.

CBG may also increase your appetite. CBG made “lab animals like rats” hungrier, which is not the school of thought with CBD (as far as we know), according to Dr. Solomon. It’s also different from another phytocannabinoid, THCV, which inhibits appetite and may lead to weight loss.

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